Thursday, January 31, 2019

West Side Story :: essays research papers

     The movie takes place in the West Side of fresh York, in the late 1950s.The Jets be a teenage gang of American boys determined not only to check further to destroy the ontogenesis of Puerto Rican population and influence on their block. They are opposed by a Puerto Rican gang, the Sharks, led by Bernardo.     In the entirely dance sene, the members of the two have-to doe with gangs provoke each other. A fight breaks out between them, but its broken up by the arrival of two cops. After the constabulary has got rid of the Puerto Ricans, Riff, the leader of the Jets, informs his gang that he will challenge Bernardo to a decisive rumble that night at a dance. The Jets are confident(p) of their invincibility, they sing the Jet song.     Riff tries to talk his friend Tony into being his deputy for the challenge. Tony, who is the co-founder of the Jets, has been growing away from the gang and is now working at Docs, the neighborhoods drugstore. Tony reluctantly agrees to meet Riff at the dance and sings about his feelings the song he sings is called somethings comming i think.The Jets, led by Riff and Graziella, and the Sharks, led by Bernardo and his female child Anita, meet at the dance in the neighborhoood gym, where in choreography their wild hostility to each other is reflected when they dance at the gym.     During the frenzied dancing, Tony meets the engaging Maria. She is Bernardos sister who has just arrived from Puerto Rico to marry Chino. To both Tony and Maria, its love at first sight. But Bernardo stops them from dancing together and insists that Chino takes Maria home.     after the challenge is made for a war council to decide on weapons for the rumble. Meanwhile, Tony walks by the streets, thinking only of his new love, Maria . On a tenement house rooftop, Bernardo, his girlfriend Anita and their friends joyfully sing about the relative q uality of heart among Puerto Ricans in New York. At midnight, the Sharks boys go off to the war council, oft to Anitas annoyance at Bernardo.     Meanwhile, Tony finds the building where Maria lives and he climbs up her release escape to meet her. They sing of their lovetonight. They plan to meet in the acceptance shop where Maria is employed the next day.     At Docs drugstore, Riff and the Jets are warned by Krupke, a cop, no to cause any trouble on the block.

Sitting Bull Exile to Canada :: American America History

sit down whoreson Exile to CanadaMany things influenced session bell ringers decision to cross the border into Canada. After Custers defeat at unforesightful Bighorn, Sitting Bull had to live life in fear. He fought on the defensive for years. Sitting Bull and his followers fled from the onslaught of American howitzers. He then was able to find sanctuary in the White Grandmothers Country, get bys union of the international boundary. Most of the band drifted back in the next hardly a(prenominal) years Sitting Bull himself was to return in 1881 to end his transit (Andrist 298)). They faced unknown obstacles, and challenges, all for a chance to live the office they wanted to. When times were bad they looked to the Canadians for assistance. When they could not help Sitting Bull struggle ended and asylum. Canada was no longer an option for Sitting Bulls esurient people. For Sitting Bull and his people the winter of 1876-77 was a winter of despair. Soldiers set-aside(p) the hun ting grounds and kept the war going even when the coke fell and the temperature plunged(Utley 174). Sitting Bulls options for the survival his people were being held in the manpower of the soldiers surrounding his winter encampment. Who could at any time burst into their village, attain down the people, and destroy their homes and food supplies(Utley 174). Sitting Bull disliked the alternate of an unconditional surrender, which was out of the question. This surrender would have cost Sitting Bull and his people their guns, and horses. This was unreasonable for people who relied on these valuable tools in near every aspect in their lives. In April of 1877 the Miniconjoous, Sans Arcs, Hunkpaps, and others of equal prominence conviened a council at Beaver Creek. Spotted Eagle and Sitting Bull would hold in speeches advocating continuing the war against the white man. They would eventually realize them necessity to exercise in the best interest of the people. Sitting Bull stood f irm in his way of life, as a hunter. Around this time Crazy one dollar bill made his decision to surrender. On May 6, Crazy horse surrendered at the Red Cloud agency in Robinson Nebraska. The group which consisted of 889 people, surrendered 12,00 ponies and 117 arms(Utley182). Sitting Bull faced new uncertainty in Canada. He had traveled to this country before following Buffalo or seeking Slotas to trade with (Utley184). He also knew from experience the contrast between the Grandmother (Canada) and the broad Father of the United States.

Wednesday, January 30, 2019

Analysis of Ethanol in Moonshine

Analysis of fermentation alcohol in Moonshine Using the GC-MS Jennifer Greene &8212&8212&8212&8212&8212&8212&8212&8212&8212&8212&8212&8212&8212&8212&8212&8212- 4 whitethorn 2012 &8212&8212&8212&8212&8212&8212&8212&8212&8212&8212&8212&8212&8212&8212&8212&8212- 4 May 2012 Introduction In this experiment splosh chromatography is applied to separate the water- ethyl alcohol mixing. This method acting is often used in the determination of alcohol in caudex or urine. One obvious application is when law enforcement agencies need to curb whether or non some whizz is inebriated. In these cases, high sensitivity is demand since 0. 1% blood alcohol content is considered to be legally excite in most adduces.Our own determination lead deal with higher(prenominal) concentrations (up to 25% by volume) which are more typical of alcohol levels nominate in many alcoholic beverages. Chromatography is a physical method of judgment of conviction interval in which the components to be separa ted are distributed between two var.s, one of the phases constituting a nonmoving arse of large surface area, the other world a fluid that percolates finished or along the stationary bed Gas chromatography (GC) is a powerful and widely used tool for the insulation, recognition and quantitation of components in a mixture.In this technique, a type is converted to the vapor state and a flowing stream of carrier gas (often helium or nitrogen) sweeps the sample into a thermally-controlled column. In the case of gas-liquid chromatography, the column is usually packed with hearty particles that are coated with a non-volatile liquid, referred to as the stationary phase. As the sample mixture moves through the column, sample components that interact strongly with the stationary phase authorise more time in the stationary phase vs. the moving gas phase and thus require more time to move through the column.The goal of GC is to separate and detect components of a mixture as efficient ly as possible and it is thus delectable to have a measure of the efficiency of a given chromatographic column. One common way to express column efficiency is by calculating the height equivalent to a theoretical plate (HETP) which is the space of the column divided by the number of theoretical plates. HETP = l/n The number of theoretical plates (n) of a column with respect to a finicky compound can be found using the following equivalence N = 16(tr/w)2 = 5. 55(tr/w1/2)2Where w is the peak width measured in the equivalent units as tr and w1/2 is the peak width measured at half(a) of the peak height. Materials GC-MS with database Vials with lids Cherry moonshine Disposable pipettes Ethanol 100% map 1. Set up procedure to Set Detector A On (Thermal Conductivity Detector) Packed Column Head Pressure 30 psi Column Carbowax 20M, 1/8&8243 OD, length = 6 feet Oven Temperature 110C Detector Temperature 150C Injection Temperature 150C 2. With the fluid pipette fill separate vials wi th the cherry moonshine and pure ethanol. . go bad the procedure then define the ethanol peak with three redundant peaks. This is the chromatograph for Cherry Moonshine. This is the chromatograph for Cherry Moonshine. Data The saturnine arrows are pointing to the ethanol peak. The blue arrows are pointing to the ethanol peak. Conclusion Chromatography is a physical method of separation in which the components to be separated are distributed between two phases, one of the phases constituting a stationary bed of large surface area, the other cosmos a fluid that percolates through or along the stationary bed.Gas chromatography (GC) is a powerful and widely used tool for the separation, identification and quantitation of components in a mixture. In this technique, a sample is converted to the vapor state and a flowing stream of carrier gas (often helium or nitrogen) sweeps the sample into a thermally-controlled column. In the case of gas-liquid chromatography, the column is usually packed with solid particles that are coated with a non-volatile liquid, referred to as the stationary phase.As the sample mixture moves through the column, sample components that interact strongly with the stationary phase spend more time in the stationary phase vs. the moving gas phase and thus require more time to move through the column. This experiment demonstrated how the analysis of an unknown substance can be determined from the separate peaks. If you select an individual peak on the chromatograph, the database will bring up possible matches of the compound.You would need to look at the chain reactor spectrograph of that peak to see if it matches the compound of interest. If it does, then you have confirm one compound that is present in the substance. If it is not a match, inhabit to search the database until you confirm the peaks identity. From this experiment, the peak for ethanol was not determined using the mass spectrograph of the gas chromatography however, we ran pur e ethanol on the GC-MS and compared the two chromatographs to determine the ethanol peak.

Tuesday, January 29, 2019

Organizational Culture at Wal-Mart Essay

Explain how viable employee relations practices build contributed to Wal-Marts succeeder as an employerWhen you envisage of the worlds largest retailer, Wal-Mart is usually the first shape that fill ins to mind in its industry. With everywhere 2 million employees, one moldiness ask them-selves, why is Wal-Mart so successful and popular among employees? As a corporation, Wal-Mart focuses closely on its corporate goal and behaviors throughout the presidency compensable close attention to satisfying both its customers and its employees. The participation engages its employees to be golden to serve its customers, which is the reason they be employed. In an article titled, A culture of corporate at Wal-Mart, the author interviews a Wal-Mart management employee and writes, I think theyre precise excited about us being here, Copeland said, in reference to her staffers. Just having to adjust to the fact that this is kind of interchangeable, corporate.Thats what we are. Its non a typical oh, Im just coming to work. Its non just being a cashier forever. Once they learn the benefits, the culture, it all started at the hiring center, it all started with the interviews. The expectations and what we wanted. They just carried that on from at that place. Its like a fever everybodys caught. This is just what it is. This is how our stores operate. (Yates, C.). Wal-Marts motto when it comes to employees is our deal make a difference (Walmart). The ships company imagines that its employees are the heart of its contrast and build an environment that is based upon integrity, respect, rotate- communion, and innovation. In fact, Wal-Mart has created four beliefs that it stands by to get word its purpose. Those beliefs are, service to our customers, respect for the mortal, strive for excellence, and act with integrity (Walmart).Associates and corporate employees are reminded of those beliefs and strive to act on them every day. Even with bad forwarding and cr iticism, Wal-Mart is still making plans to move forward to improve its employment practices and rising slope employment in the nation. In 2013, the company announced it would have plans to conduct at least one hundred thousand veterans, purchase $50 billion dollars in American made products to help create assorted new jobs, and promote part-time workers to full-time. These types of employee relations practices help to relieve roughly of the bad criticism Wal-Mart has received and contribute to retention among its employees in the corporation. localise how the benefits may contribute to the success of Wal-Marts employment practiceIn todays world, having great benefits are a deal surf for many employees when choosing a company to work for. With the high cost of individual healthcare, workers want to ensure they are receiving the beat out benefits amongst competitors in their prospective industries. Wal-Mart focuses on offering affordable benefits to its employees that include health benefits such as health, dental, and flock with four dollar co-pays for generic medicines, financial benefits such retirement plans, employee computer storage purchase, employee discounts at Wal-Mart stores and subsidiaries, and discounts wireless services. The company offers great benefits that for sure contribute to best employment practices and the retention employees. These employee benefits are also contributing factors of why there arent many unions within the corporation because many employees are meet. call how the organizational culture and the use of performance criteria could affect the introduction of a unionUnionization is described as the process of organizing the employees of a company into a labor union which will act as an intermediator between the employees and company management (BusinessDictionary). In most cases, when management does not effectively communicate with employees on issues and concerns within the company, employees seek to form a union t o act as the liaison on issues they would like resolved. Wal-Mart as a company is highly concerned about addressing issues with its employees.In fact, the company has created a open door policy that states We believe open communication is critical to understanding our associates and our customers needs. Associates can trust and rely on our open door policy. You are encouraged to raise your questions, concerns and ideas to your management team. This is how we get better. (Walmart). Wal-Mart is very much aware of criticized issues and continues to use the employee relations process to come up with best practice solutions to rectify these issues for a more satisfied employee.Discuss why you believe Wal-Mart has not been effectively unionized everywhere the years I believe that unionization has not been effective over the years because of the open door policy that Wal-Mart creates with its employees. Employees may realize the pros and cons of a union and either back out or I believ e once Wal-Mart realizes employees feel their concerns are not being handled effectively, as organization they quickly organize a plan of action. In an article titled, Walmart We Arent Unionized Because Workers Dont Want Unions, the Director of Communications Steve Restivo states, We have a clear and open line of communication with our associates. Our associates recognize that they send word that, and they know that the wages and benefits they receive are extremely competitive in the industry. (DePillis, L.).References and CitationsWalmart Corporate Working at Walmart. (n.d.). Walmart Corporate Working at Walmart. Retrieved may 4, 2014, from http// Yates, C. (2013, December 4). A culture of corporate at Wal-Mart. Washington Post. Retrieved may 4, 2014, from http// Working At Walmart. (n.d.). Walmart Careers. Retrieved May 4, 201 4, from http// Vranjes, T. (2013, February 9). Walmart Promises Bold Moves to shape up usance Revive My Career. Revive My Career Walmart Promises Bold Moves to Boost Employment Comments. Retrieved May 4, 2014, from http// DePillis, L. (2011, May 19). Walmart We Arent Unionized Because Workers Dont Want Unions. Housing Complex RSS. Retrieved May 4, 2014, from http// What is unionization?

Discuss the Role of Endogenous Pacemakers

Discuss the role of endogenous pacemakers in the hold of circadian turns AO1 8 marks, AO2 16 marks An endogenous pacemaker is an internal biological clock that carrys the way in which human beingy of our biological measures be take. M both of these rhythms depart on a 24 hour basis, such as the remainder/wake cycle, bodily temperatures and some of our hormones. The main endogenous pacemaker in mammals is the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN), which is located in the hypothalamus. It receives information ab disclose thinlys from the eye finished the optic nerve.This happens even when our eyes are shut, due to them being so thin, meaning that if our endogenous clocks are slow (e. g. because the sun rises in the first place than the twenty-four hour period before) morning light automatically shifts the clock ahead, putting the rhythm back in sync with the day. At night, when there is no light, the SCN past sends a message to the pineal gland, causing it to increase the productio n of melatonin, which induces pile by preventing the brains mechanism to promote wakefulness.An example of the way endogenous pacemakers control our circadian rhythms is a case study on Michael Siffre. Siffre willingly washed-out a long period of time under ground, to find out what happens to the eternal rest/wake cycle when the biological rhythm is allowed to run freely without outer cues. His findings showed that the free running cycle settled down to a regular rhythm which is little over 24 hours. This study shows that the circadian rhythm persists without the cues of natural light, which demonstrates the existence of an endogenous clock.However the study alike shows that external cues are also important to the sleep/wake cycle, because the clock was non perfectly accurate, meaning that without the cues of natural light, it would receive out of sync with day and night. This study was supported by Aschoff and Wever (1985) who placed participants in an underground lying in wait without any external cues , and found that many participants uncovered circadian rhythms of between 24 and 25 hours. However some of the circadian rhythms of those in the bunker were as long as 29 hours, showing that individual differences can rig the results meaning this study and the case study of MichaelSiffre cannot be generalised to the wider population. Miles et als (1977) study of a man that had been blind since birth showed that the man had a circadian cycle of 24. 9 hours. The blind man was subject to different exogenous zeitgebers such as clocks and social cues, that they found that none of these factors reduced his biological clock to 24 hours, and he had to take stimulants in the morning and sedatives at certain times at night to reduce his biological rhythm in time with the tolerate of the world.This research supports the idea that the sleep/wake cycle isa circadian rhythm controlled by an endogenous pacemaker as it did not adjust when influenced with any nat ural exogenous zeitgebers, and was only pitched when certain drugs were used to mixture it. However this study can be criticized as it is only a case study of one man, meaning it lacks population validity and cannot be generalised to the wider population. Morgan et al (1995) also provided evidence for the effect of endogenous pacemakers of the circadian rhythms by breeding mutant hamsters that had circadian rhythms of 20 hours instead of 24.He and then cut the SCNs out of the mutant hamsters and transplanted them into normal hamsters. The normal hamsters the began to dis defend the 20 hour circadian rhythm of the mutant hamster. This proves that endogenous pacemakers play a double role in circadian rhythms, as it showed that the sleep cycle in the hamsters depended on biological factors from with in the brain. However this research may raise some ethical issues as it can be seen to breach the terms of animal cruelty, as it may cause the hamsters to become psychologically unhealt hy.Also the research can be criticized as it only shows the effect of the SCN on hamsters sleeping cycles and cannot be generalised to humans as hamsters have much smaller brains and are also nocturnal animals meaning that light does not effect their circadian rhythms, the same way it does ours. In conclusion, I think that endogenous pacemakers do play a very large role in helping to maintain our circadian rhythms, however this is also with the help of various exogenous zeitgebers which help keep the rhythms precise.

Monday, January 28, 2019

Assessment of Students’ Satisfaction on the Restructured Essay

1.0 IntroductionAt the University of gold coast at that place ar reports that rooms pilotly make to take ii learners, ar now formalizedly allocated to five educatees (after minor passings), but unofficially sedulous by as many as eight or golf club to the knowledge of the university authorities A affair from the obvious hygiene and health hazards posed, what diverseness of ambience does this proffer for oeuvre after classes? All of which have brought just or so African universities to a state of serious deterioration. This is evident not sole(prenominal) to those who work or culture in those universities but to even the close casual visitor. (Association of African Universities, 2004) living accommodations is a basic human wishing in all societies and fundamental right of for every(prenominal) someone. In ripe countries, lodgment is more(prenominal) accessible to all categories of multitude including the poor and the needy as a result of subsidies from the government. The situation is not the same in developing countries of the world.In gold coast, for ex angstrom unitle, availableness to admit by the poor is preferably a difficult situation which is worsened by the harsh sparing conditions and poor enabling purlieu. Likewise, accessing housing facilities by gold coastian savants at the university is no exception, specially where such university happens to be the dream desti nation of most Ghanaians entering into tertiary governance. In tertiary institutions worldwide, the grooming of fitting to the savants population takes antithetic models.This complicates non-residential, where students source for their own accommodation. Residential, where the university houses all its students and dual-residential, where the university houses its student population for a plosive of time b bely, probably the freshman and final year, date the students during the re chief(prenominal)ing occlusion source for their own accommo dations. The experiences of students in tertiary institutions in sourcing and securing for their own accommodation around university communities be equally to be interesting and significant. However, it is value noting that, University of Ghana, the nations premier university has gone through a series of learning when it comes to how to accommodate its students, both undergraduates and postgraduates.1.1 Research businessUniversity of Ghana has undergone a series of reforms when it comes to the residential form _or_ system of government for its students. The ever increasing repress of enrollees in the institution is what defines this restructuring of the polity governing students accommodation over time. In the past 2 years what the incumbent vice chancellor of the university term as Decongestion has interpreted place in anticipation to the fulfillment of the university achieving efficiency in its handle of operation. The drive has in like manner been fast tracked by his sluttish inclination that the university should come upon a world-class status. Effective August, 2011, the university effectively implemented its decongestion form _or_ system of government allocating rooms to a maximum of cardinal (3) students and quad (4) students in the important halls and annexes respectively.This was done to address the problems of overcrowding that resulted in adverse make of poor sanitation, wring on residential utilities such as reading rooms and libraries, kitchen and washrooms, among causality(a) poor conditions for effective personal studies by students. Residential facilities have been increase to make the policy successful. Even though, the problem of inadequate accommodation for students is not entirely solved, the restructuring have been effective since its implementation, and it is worth investigating the effects of the impudent policy, whether it has achieved its goal or it is towards achieving its intend goal or otherwise. 1.2 Purpose of the proveThe primary(prenominal) reason why this search is being conducted is to evaluate the gaiety of students with the current students residential policy and its effects on their studies.1.3 Objectives of the study take officularised objectives of the study atomic number 18 as fol pocket- surfaces1. To assess students perception of sanitation in the halls/ societys now. 2. To assess students perception of security in the halls/ gilds now. 3. To investigate students accessibility to some(prenominal) basic hall/hostel utilities.1.4 Research Questions1. What is students perception of sanitation in the halls/hostels now? 2. What is students perception of security and harbor in the halls/hostels now? 3. What is the accessibility status of students to basic halls/hostels utilities now?1.5 Relevance of the studyAs a top university in Ghana and Africa and one which is striving to attain a world class status, adequate facilities should be provided and already existing ones imp roved, especially standards of military services and facilities which include providing conducive on-campus student housing facility. The above research provides the grounding for this study and highlights the areas of new knowledge which are needed to tenseness upon students delight of residential facilities in University of Ghana. A key question is what is the direct of students pleasure with regards to the students housing facility (superhigh frequency) in the stage setting of University of Ghana?The study contributes to a better understanding of SRS of UG. The results offer valuable feedback to the university authorities, facility man yearsrs and university hostel/hall administrators in terms of the present standards or the need for move on improvement of the SHF through effective rules and management. The results impart help to form guidelines in terms of tryst of rooms to students, maintenance and for future developments of student housing ensuring that the universi ty is able to provide adequate and contemporary on-campus SHF.2.0 Literature recapitulation2.1 IntroductionThis section reviews existing literature on the student residential facilities. It is mainly made up of previous studies, journals, articles, periodicals amongst other sources. They form the tercehand source of data to the study.2.2 The Concept of school-age child Residential Facility educatee housing has long been regarded as an essential component of the facilities provided by the high learning institutions in assisting students to expand their intellectual capabilities. According to Hassanain (2008), well mean student housing facilities (SHF) promote desirable gentilityal stunnedcomes and help to achieve the b drivewayer objectives such as social cohesion and obligated citizenship. An earlier study by Zahran (1972) reveals that a good student housing promotes interactions between roommates of contrastive backgrounds and specializations and thus broadens the student s knowledge. Amole (2005) argues that facilities such as study areas or meeting places for pedantic discussions and social gatherings provided in the student housing will encourage informal intellectual activities outside the students own faculties. Price et al. (2003) related student social growth to adequate facilities and Fay (1981) highlighted the importance of students gaiety in the SHF as a strategy to sharpen student development.Despite the importance of SHF, infinitesimal literature is available to evaluate student opinions of their housing facilities. Most studies on post-occupancy evaluation focus on family housing either public or clannish residences, investigating the interaction between owner-occupiers or tenants and their housing settings. bulk of these studies utilized the concept of housing satisfaction when evaluating the interactions between the residents and their physical surround (Amole, 2009b). Arguing that housing satisfaction can lead towards improving individuals quality of life, Salleh (2008) investigates dwelling, housing services and neighbourhood factors that influence the residents of secluded low-cost housing in Malaysia. The study revealed that the residents are more snug with their dwelling units and housing services if compared to their neighbourhood facilities. Elsinga and Hoekstra (2005) study housing satisfaction among European communities and find out that except in Austria, homeowners are more satisfied than the tenants because home willpower provides security, freedom and financial benefits.In contrast, James (2008) analyses the influence of age and eccentric person of ownership on the take of satisfaction and establishes that tenant satisfaction increases with the age at a much faster rate than the type of homeownership. However, student housing and family housing are not the same. Student housing comprises of basic bedroom units with other shared facilities such as bathrooms, toilets, laundry, kitchens, eart hy lounges and cafeterias located either per floor take aim, per pile or for the whole student housing accommodation (Amole, 2009a). On the contrary, the basic unit for family housing is a house which includes bedrooms, bathrooms, toilets and a living area all as part of the unit with other housing facilities such as playground, shops and school at the neighbourhood (Parkes et al., 2002). In addition, student housing offers limited security of ownership and freedom if compared to family housing.Therefore, the above findings whitethorn not apply in the context of student housing. Studies on residential satisfaction (RS) from the student perspective are mostly focused on factors affecting RS such as reasons for students to halt their previous residence (Cleave, 1996) and predictors of student residential satisfaction (SRS) (Foubert et al., 1998 Khozaei et al., 2010b). There are also studies on student housing with narrower scopes such as the effects of floor height on over-crowding (Kaya and Erkip, 2001) students perceptions on indoor comfort (Dahlan et al., 2009) students sense of attachment with a particular student housing (Khozaei et al., 2010a) head strategies for students staying in student housing (Amole, 2005) and the relationship between satisfaction and levels of surround (Amole, 2009b).These studies offer little guidance as to whether the students are satisfied with SHF provided. Among the limited studies on SRS are studies by Amole (2007, 2009a), Hassanain (2008) and Radder and Han (2009). Amole (2007, 2009a) investigates RS among students in Nigeria and the findings indicated a low satisfaction with the SHF provided. Radder and Han (2009) researched student satisfaction levels in South Africa and the findings indicated again a level of dissatisfaction with campus residences. Alternatively, Hassanain (2008) found that students in Saudi Arabia indicated a level of satisfaction with the SHF provided. However, the studies were conducted in countries where the culture and climate are various from that experienced in the Southeast Asia region, which is likely to affect the perceived environment of the built environment. Therefore, the results of the studies may not be applicable to the study context.2.3 maturation of the accommodation structureOriginally, halls in the university were built to accommodate two students per room. This provision was adequate for students because not many people sought for higher education. However, as the population of Ghana change magnitude and the need to seek higher education became prominent in the country, the number students enrolled apiece pedantic year increased rapidly as well. Residential facilities were increased and expanded to accommodate the ever increasing number of student intake which demanded restructuring of student residential policy given the limited resources the university had. In the midst of the reforms, beyond the expansion and modification of the original rooms to acc ommodate two persons at a time, the number increased to five (5) in a room officially, both in the main halls and the annexes.The continuous increase in the student intake amidst the unexpanded residential facilities meant that, not all students could be accommodated on campus, because, semiprivate hostels began to spring up to absorb the excess students who could not secure accommodation on campus. The private hostels motivation to make profit meant that they charge high prices which were unbearable by many students. This brought about one of the prominent terms that everyone who has passed through the quad walls of the University of Ghana is popular with Perching.2.4 The issue of PerchingThe word connotes students who illegally share residential facilities with official occupants of a room. This resulted in overcrowding in the halls, putting extreme embrace on washrooms, reading rooms, hall libraries, dry lines, among other facilities that were originally constructed for two p eople. This was happening who many reforms were going on. The two most popular reforms were the in-out-out-in and the in-out-out-out policies. The former meant that, all first year students were qualified for accommodation on campus, this fashioning did not mean automatic apportioning of rooms to freshmen but allocation was subject bal pecking for a YES or NO and second and third year students were to look for their own accommodation.Under this policy, final year students like first year students also qualified to be accommodated on campus it is however, worth noting that, even for the final year students, because of the limited number of rooms available, allocation of rooms was also done via balloting a yes or no by students. The latter policy, in-out-out-out raised a lot of eyebrows as it meant that only first year students were offered accommodation on campus. And for this policy allocation to level 100 students was automatic and assured. With this policy in place the problem o f perching worsened. The official number of occupants in a room close doubled for almost all the halls of residence. The adverse effects of poor situation created a lot of problems poor sanitation, insecurity, discomfort, which had direct impact on students health, hygiene, and efficiency.2.5 The current residential policyThe University of Ghana Hostels with a capacity of 26000 beds, which was to be built at the University of Ghana, Legon, with confederation between the university and six banks was a dream come alive as long as finding a solution to the perennial problem of accommodation in our public universities is concerned this was an assertion made by professor C. N. B. Tagoe, Vice prime minister of the university of Ghana (GhanaWeb, 2008). From the above statement I would to acknowledge the Contingency theory one of the prominent schools under the blustering Systems perspective of disposals. This theory as a branch of systems design emphasizes that design decisions are d ependent on environmental conditions. Contingency theory is channelise by the common orienting hypothesis that organizations whose internal features match the demands of their environments will achieve the best adaptation.Lawrence and Lorsch (1967), who coined the label contingency theory, argue that disparate environments place differing requirements on organizations. In a recent review article, Lawrence (1993) provides a partial list of factors that one or another theorist has considered important. They include size or scale, technology, geography, uncertainty, individual predispositions of participants, resource colony, national or heathen differences, scope and organizational life cycle. With concentration on the resource dependency factor, it is indicative that, the adaptation and realization of the said solution was heavily depending on(p) on the provision of financial resources by the six banks which are external to the organization.As the resources from the external e nvironment was provided by the six banks, the expansion of the residential facilities have been a reality indeed, making it potential to establish four different hostels which accommodates about 7, 120 students. It is a combination of these factors that made it possible for the decongestion exercise in the five traditional halls feasible. Currently, some of the hostels have been restructured into halls and force as the traditional halls. The standard rooms accommodate four (4) persons as the annexes do. With other stringent measures put in place to control perching it is believed that, the mark for which this restructuring was done is being worked towards. It must be stated categorically that, the main reason for this exercise is to improve students efficiency in the university.2.6 anterooms of anteroom/HostelsThe University believes in community living as an essential part of student life. It is therefore primarily residential, providing accommodation in mansion houses of Resi dence for both undergraduate and post-graduate students as well as flats and guest rooms for senior members and guests. There are five halls of residence (available to all students) and several Hostels. The present residencys and Hostels are as follows Each vestibule consists of junior members (students) and senior members (academic and senior administrative and master key staff), and is managed by a Council comprising members choose by persons belonging to the manor hall. The maitre d (or Warden in the case of Volta residence) is the Head of the dorm room. Each pressure group has Junior and elderly wonted(a) agencys for students and Faculty, respectively. A tutorial system offers an opportunity for counseling students and ensuring their well-being at both academic and social levels. Students maintain interaction with each other and the wider community through recognized clubs and societies. Each dorm has a kitchen and a dining hall to cater for students feeding. Chape ls and a mosque are also available for use by various religious denominations. A chaplaincy Board co-ordinate the activities of religious groups.Social life on the campus is nonionic mainly by the Students Representative Council and the Junior Common Room Committees which provide various kinds of social programmes. LEGON HALL Legon hallway was the first to be built on the permanent site of the University of Ghana at Legon and is, therefore, the Premier lobby of the University. Its foundation tablet was laid during the Michaelmas Term of 1951 and, in September 1952, the first undergraduates were accepted into residence. On Trinity Sunday, 31st May 1953, the first service was held in the Chapel and the first meal served in the Dining Hall. From these events, the Hall took Trinity Sunday every year as its birthday, celebrated by a common Feast for both its Junior and old Members. The Halls axiom, Cui Datum (To whom much is given), was selected from St. Lukes Gospel, in intuition of the special responsibility attached to the Halls seniority. superior Members of the University may be assigned as Fellows of the Hall by the Vice Chancellor and they usually keep their Fellowship for as long as they persevere with the University. Persons of academic distinction outside the University may be elected as Honorary Fellows at a General Meeting of Fellows.The rest of the rank of the Hall is made up of persons in statu pupillari. The governing body of the Hall is the Hall Council, members of which are Fellows of the Hall. The principal Hall Officers are The Master, the Vice-Master, the President of the Senior Common Room, the Senior Tutor, and the Hall Bursar. AKUAFO HALL Akuafo Hall was established with the particular date of prof D.A. Taylor, a Master-designate and a Hall Council in 1953. The Hall Council in 1954 decided to name the Hall Akuafo to stigmatise the generous gesture of the farmers of Ghana in giving money for the foundation of the University College. A crest which depicts a cocoa tree, an open book and a drum, designed by Professor W.J. McCallien, and a motto, laboremus et sapiamus, suggested by Professor L.H. Ofosu-Appiah, were adopted by the Council.A commemorative plaque with a Latin inscription composed by Professor L.H. Ofosu-Appiah was set up to show the gratitude of the Hall to the farmers of the country and to the British organization who gave the University College funds for the structure of the Hall. The Hall was officially opened on 17 February, 1956, but the first students, numbering 131, came into residence on the 5th October, 1955. The Hall has its own statutes governing the election of officers and the administration of its affairs. Once a year, the Master has to convene a meeting of the Fellows, who form the governing body, to receive his yearly report. The Senior Common Room is open to all Fellows and their guests, and the Senior faction Room to all senior members of the University. Senior Members may also n ecessitate students to the Combination Room.COMMONWEALTH HALL The first batch of students was admitted into residence in Commonwealth Hall at the beginning of the 1956-1957 academic year. In the alter Term of that academic year, Ghana attained its independence from Great Britain, and the Hall, now known as the Third Hall, was officially christened Commonwealth Hall to commemorate Ghanas admission into the Commonwealth of Nations. The official opening of the Hall was performed in March, 1957. It is, so far, the only all-male Hall of Residence in the University. The motto of the Hall, Truth Stands, was taken from a quotation from Satyre by John Donne (1572-1631) On a huge hill, cragged, and steep,Truth stands and hee that will Reach her, about must, and about must goe This motto combines both the physical situation of the Hall (on a hillside overlooking most of the University and beyond) and the proper pursuit of a University education, the search for truth. It is the only Hall of R esidence in the University which has a theatre and Amphitheatre for lectures and plays. The come out of Arms of the Hall depicts the strength and unity of purpose of members of the Hall derivation from the bonds of association enjoyed by the individual members of the Hall. High Commissioners of the Commonwealth countries in Ghana are accorded Honorary Membership of the Hall. There is a Hall Council which administers the affairs of the Hall, assisted by the Tutorial Board and the Senior Common Room Committee. VOLTA HALL Volta Hall started as the Fourth Hall in the 1959-60 academic year, on 16th November, 1960.The University College Council, on the recommendation of the Hall Council, named it Volta Hall. The Hall consists of the main hall originally designed to accommodate 82 students, and an annex with an original capacity for accommodating 198 students, the occupation of which began in January 1966. The motto of the Hall, chosen during the Halls tenth anniversary celebrations, is in the Akan language and it is Akokobere Nso Nyim Adekyee. This means that the mystery or knowledge of life and nature is a gift to women as it is to men. The Hall has a governing Body which comprises all the Fellows assigned to it and those elected by the assigned Fellows. The government of the Hall rests with this body which delegates some of its powers to a Hall Council. The Hall Council consists of ten members, including the Warden, the Deputy Warden, the Senior Tutor and the Bursar who are ex-officio members.The day-to-day administration of the Hall is carried out by the Warden with the help of the Senior Tutor, who deals with all students affairs, and the Bursar. MENSAH SARBAH HALL Mensah Sarbah Hall, the fifth Hall of the University, stands in the southern part of the campus. The Hall consists of a main Hall built around a quadrangle and a number of addes standing to the north and east. The last two south annexes are attached to the Hall. Until October 1991, Mensah Sarbah w as the only co-ed Hall of Residence in the University, which made it quite unique among the Halls. The governing body of the Hall is the Council, which is responsible to the full body of Fellows who form the Senate. Students affairs are handled by students own elected government headed by a President, while the general administration of the Hall is under the Master who is assisted by the Senior Tutor and Tutors on the one hand and the Bursar on the other. Other Hall Officers are the Chaplain, who is responsible for the Roman Catholic Chapel, the Prayer Room Warden, who is responsible for the Protestant Chapel, and the Librarian. Senior Common Room affairs are managed by an elected committee under the President of the Senior Common Room.The Hall is named after the famous Ghanaian jurist, writer and statesman, John Mensah Sarbah of Cape Coast. It has been customary for the Hall to celebrate the birthday anniversary of this great man every year. This anniversary is known as Sarbah Day and is highlighted by a dinner party and a get-together. The Hall has a crest designed to bring out the principal features of Mensah Sarbahs life. It consists of three elements a pair of scales, a fanny with a book resting upon it, and a hill surmounted by a castle. The scale signifies the legal profession, the stool and the book symbolise culture while the hill and the castle are intended to depict the familiar grace of Cape Coast with its many hills and forts. At the same time, the castle is intended to symbolise strength and honour. The Halls motto is Knowledge, Honour, Service three words which aptly summarise the guiding principles of Mensah Sarbahs life. VALCO TRUST HOSTELS The psyche to build a graduate hostel was first nurtured when Legon Hall Annex C was prepared exclusively for graduate students of the Hall. The quest for a qualified accommodation for graduate students gained attention when Valco conceive Fund offered to finance the twirl of a graduate hostel.As a f urther boost to this course, Legon Hall Annex C was converted into an Annex of the Hostel. The Valco Trust Hostel, donated to the University by the Valco Trust Fund to ease pressure on student accommodation, is a block of purpose-built, self-contained flats for 190 students. The Hostel, which was completed in June 1997, is the Universitys first hostel for graduate students. A second block with similar facilities was opened in January 2006. Located behind Mensah Sarbah Hall on the southern part of the campus, the flats are arranged in unity and double study bedrooms with en entourage shower and toilet. There is a shared kitchen for every twelve rooms.Facilities in the hostels include common rooms, washrooms and a restaurant. INTERNATIONAL STUDENTS HOSTELS The International Students Hostels are located on the southern part of the campus off the road to the Noguchi Memorial Institute for Medical Research. For a long time, it had been the dream of the University of Ghana to create and s trengthen links with other universities in order to enhance the international student presence on campus. The first phase was equip in June 1999 and the second in January 2006. The Hostels are co-educational and each has 43 single rooms and 85 double rooms. In addition, there are facilities such as a well-fortified security system, kitchenettes and restaurants.REFERENCESAmole, D. (2005),Coping strategies for living in student residential facilities in Nigeria, Environment and Behaviour, Vol. 37, pp. 201-19.Amole, D. (2009b),Residential satisfaction in students housing, ledger of Environment Psychology, Vol. 29, pp. 76-85.Association of African Universities (2004), Challenges Facing African Universities Selected Issues, African Studies Review (2004) Vol. 47, No. 1, 1-59Dahlan, N., Jones, P., Alexander, D., Salleh, E. and Alias, J. (2009),Evidence base prioritization of indoor comfort perceptions in Malaysian typical multi-storey hostels, Building and Environment, pp. 2158-65.Elsing a, M. and Hoekstra, J. (2005),Homeownership and housing satisfaction, Journal of Housing and the Built Environment, Vol. 20, pp. 401-24.Fay, G. (1981),A model for reviewing growth environments, Journal of College and University Student Housing, Vol. 11 No. 1, pp. 46-7.Foubert, J.D., Tepper, R. and Morrison, D.R. (1998),Predictors of student satisfaction in university residence halls, Journal of College and University Student Housing, Vol. 21No. 1, pp. 41-6.Hassanain, M.A. (2008),On the performance evaluation of sustainable student housing facilities, Journal of Facilities Management, Vol. 6 No. 3, pp. 212-25.James, R.N. (2008), Residential satisfaction of elderly tenants in flatcar housing, Social Indicators Research, Vol. 89, pp. 421-37.James, R.N. (2008), Residential satisfaction of elderly tenants in flat tirehousing, Social Indicators Research, Vol. 89, pp. 421-37.Kaya, N. and Erkip, F. (2001), Satisfaction in a dormitory building the effects of floor height on the perception of room size and crowding, Environment & Behavior, Vol. 33 No. 1, pp. 35-53.Khozaei, F., Hassan, A.S. and Khozaei, Z. (2010a), Undergraduate students satisfaction with hostel and sense of attachment to place case study of universiti sains Malaysia, American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Vol. 3 No. 3, pp. 516-20.Lawrence, Paul R. and Jay W. Lorsch. (1967)Organization and environment Boston Harvard University, Division of Research, Graduate School of Business Administration.Parkes, A., Kearns, A. and Atkinson, R. (2002), What makes people dissatisfied with their neighbourhoods?, Urban Studies, Vol. 39 No. 13, pp. 2413-38. Price, I., Matzdorf, F., Smith, L. and Agahi, H. (2003),The impact of facilities on student choice of university, Facilities, Vol. 21 No. 10, pp. 212-22.Radder, L. and Han, X. (2009), Service quality of on-campus student housing a South African experience, The International Business & Economics Research Journal, Vol. 8 No. 11, pp. 107-19.Salleh, A.G. (2008),Neighbourhood factors in private low-cost housing in Malaysia, Habitat International, Vol. 32, pp., (Tuesday, 8th January, 2008) retrieved on quaternary October, (2012) retrieved on 10th October, (2012) retrieved on 2nd November, (2012) retrieved on 5th November, 2012

Sunday, January 27, 2019

Identify the characteristics beliefs and practises associated with Krishna Essay

And what is the significance for a yellowish brown of Krishna.Krishna is believed to be Vishnus eight incarnations. Vishnu represents the refinisher status in the Trimurti but is more frequently appreciated in his incarnation as Krishna. Krishna appears in galore(postnominal) mythological stories but is some famously remembered for his part in the Bhagvad Gita. This scripture is believed to have been spoken by Krishna himself. Krishna is seen as a king and a conqueror of demons but his chase appear tokenly fond of his childhood and youth. His love affair with the glorious cowherdess, Radha is immensely popular with his pursuit. In m whatsoever Indian temples dedicated to Krishna, his followers visit (Darshan) his images and present water for washing, drinking, clothes, flowers, incense and offer praise during their puja. pitch contour and singing the Hare Krishna mantra is a very popular activity rig in temples. The maha-mantra is a transcendental sound vibration which awak ens love of matinee idol in the heart and mind. As with all other activities, music is considered a sacred offering to God.Murtis of Krishna are ritually installed temples, as it is believed that it is truly full of divine spirit of Krishna. Krishnas pictures a good deal portray him as the young flute player, surrounded by cows, teasing the gopi girls, or at times as the mischievous friend and even as the charioteer who accompanies Arjuna. These contrastive images illsurate the different forms of relations a Hindu can have with god, either as best friend, a lover or mischievous son.To execute an intelligence of Krishna it important to be aware of the events in the Bhagvad Gita. Arjuna is preparing for a battle in which he will be fighting against his accept members of the family. He feels that this is virtuously wrong and has conversation with his charioteer. His charioteer, Krishna is the supreme lord in disguise. It is here Krishna explains the style to self liberation an d to discovering the inner atman. Krishna points out that the soul does non mutter in battle, but moves into a new one.The soul can not be pierced, it can not be parched, it can not be wetted, it is everwhere, immovable He reminds Arjuna of his dharma and the effects of Karma. Krishna goes further on to state that is not action itself that should be avoided but the results of it. One should not think of particular rewards for their actions but offer selflessly to the Lord. This is the function of Karma yoga. Having taught this he goes onto mentioning different paths such as jnana and yoga and presentating the need for reaching a state of samadhi through experience and devotion.The festival calendar varies region to region throughout India. The festival to go on the birth of Krishna is held between August and September and is called Janammastami. The bhagvad Purana which focuses on how to be yogi is often read out.Krishna unlike some of the other supreme deities, acknowledged th at at that place were those who were marginalized such as the low caste and women and therefore highlighted that there were many different paths for each Hindu to reach liberation in his own way.Krishna is encompasses the perfect balance between performing his dharma in such a way that good karma is continually repeated. Through performing jnana and bhakti yoga, a devotee can offer selfless acts, which will be received with Krishnas grace and blessings. Therefore Krishnas love for Radha is the perfect example for any Hindu to achieve a harmonious union with the Lord and achieve moksha.

Saturday, January 26, 2019

Character Analysis of Anne of “The Thousand Days” Essay

Thousand Days is a 1969 drama made by Hal Wallis Productions and distributed by Universal Pictures. Directed by Charles Jarrott and produced by Hal B. Wallis.In Anne of the Thousand Days, might Richard VIII plays the substitution subroutine in the plot and progress of the play. As the king of England, Richard is the to the highest degree conspicuous authority figure. It turns out that he is the briny graphic symbol and therefore the most important person in the play.Being the central character imparts it easy for this character to progress the play. The main contribution to progress the play is King Richards pressing desire to confirm a son to take heir to his throne. This is what the total play revolves around. There are several other contributions that he makes to give out the play forward. Some of these include his infatuation with Anne Boleyn, manipulating his government to allow varied women into his life, and Annes trial that leads to her eventual death.The playwrigh t employed this character as the central story that the entire play is ground upon. Being based on history, it seems to be a very interesting story about King Richard VIII and the playwright realized this. It only makes sense to make him the main character because the story is about him. This play absolutely could not have been made without the king.If I were cast into playing King Richard VIII, I would not change the central objectives of my role. Being that this play is mostly non-fiction, it does not make sense to try and alter history in a major(ip) way. In my opinion, retaining the true story as well as possible is the best way to tell a story that is heavily based on history.BibliographyAnne of the Thousand Days Tea at Trianon. 2008. 11 November 2008. http// of the Thousand Days Wikipedia Encylopedia. 2008. 11 November 2008.http//

Friday, January 25, 2019

Law and Order Essay

In class, we watched the first twenty minutes of police and Order episode god Bless the Child. The Episode starts with the parents of a young girl, that is deathly ill and in dire of medical assistance, and the parents wont utilisation modern treat because it is against their religion. Neglecting helper of modern medicine, the child eventually dies. I conceive that it is misfortunate that a parent will not help their own child and allow them die when help is all around.I gauge prayer does not relinquish us from an obligation to act, so on these terms I do think these parents should be trialed for the death of their child. I see prayer to be similar to hope, guidance and communication with matinee idol rather than an act. Believing that everything puke be solved with prayer is crocked, It Is exchangeable if someone wanted to end world hunger and didnt donate alone only prayed. I think prayer and acting should go go across in hand because God is not Just going to recrud esce you what you ask for, rather he will give you opportunities.Similar to the Joke near the lady in the floodlight that Ms. Ellsworth said In class, God direct a boat and a helicopter to rescue the lady notwithstanding she refused. She would later die, and In Heaven, she asked God why didnt you save me, and God replied l did, I send you a boat and a helicopter what else dirty dog I do I think this Joke as the identical situation as the parents In Law and Order. I strongly believe that the parents should go to trial for the death of the girl because with all the opportunities God direct them, they avoided all of them.By neglecting all of these opportunities to rescue their child, the child suffered and soon after died. It Is ridiculous that she would not simply let her daughter drink some medicine for her to get better. If she was to go and drink alcohol, then why not let her daughter get treated. It Is most disturbing when the daughter was getting worse, but the start o ut thinks that what they are doing Is not working and they should do something else. Than an act. Believing that everything can be solved with prayer is ridiculous, it is like dad in the flood that Ms.Ellsworth said in class, God sent a boat and a helicopter to rescue the lady but she refused. She would later die, and in Heaven, she asked God what else can I do I think this Joke as the same situation as the parents in Law and after died. It is ridiculous that she would not simply let her daughter drink some daughter get treated. It is most disturbing when the daughter was getting worse, but the mother thinks that what they are doing is not working and they should do.