Friday, May 31, 2019
The student who is preparing for preservice or inservice hearing in any field must answer two crucial questions What is learning? and What is teaching? The student preparing to teach writing must also answer the question, What is the purpose and the nourish of writing? Writing is a subject area in which the teacher cannot easily secern why writing itself is valuable or what purposes are served by learning the art and craft of writing, except as a tool for communication in other subject areas. In his article Whos Afraid of Subjectivity, Robert P. Yagelski (1994), offers some answers to these questions about knowledge, education, and writing, as well as addressing related questions concerning individuality.Current writing pedagogies value writing and writers in different ways. Yagelski compares the underlying epistemology of expressivist approaches with postmodern epistemological theory. Expressivist theories claim that knowledge is found within the individual, and writing is a form of self-discovery. Process-oriented writing teaching is connected with this pedagogical approach. Postmodern theorists define knowledge as the fluid, shifting, and selective perceptions of reality that are tied to particular times, places, and cultures. Proponents of postmodern theories claim that expressivist practices reproduce ideologies that suppress both power structures and the position of students within these structures. Such practices are also thought to reduce awareness of social differences related to gender, class, and race between individuals in the classroom. By encouraging only constructive criticism and harmonious group work, expressivist teachers avoid confrontation over real-world issues. For postmodernists, writing is... ... rather than, in Keats words, remaining subject with half-knowledge, and I think that an epistemology and a pedagogy that embraces paradox is rather well suited to the postmodern world.ReferencesKeats, John. Letter dated Dec.21st, 1817. Ci ted in The Penguin Dictionary of Literary damage and Literary Theory (1991) by J.A. Cuddon. New York Penguin.Kluth, Paula. 2000. Community-Referenced Learning and the Inclusive Classroom Remedial & Special Education 21.1 (Jan/Feb) 19-26.Macrorie, Ken. 1988. The I-Search Paper. Portsmouth,NH Boynton-CookPhelps, T.O. 1992. Research or Three-Search? English Journal 89.1 76-78.Yagelski, Robert P. 1994. Whos Afraid of Subjectivity Postmodernism and the Composing Process. Taking Stock The Writing Process Movement in the 90s, edited by Lad Tobin and Thomas Newkirk. 203-217. Portsmouth, NH Heinemann.
Thursday, May 30, 2019
The discovery, development, manufacturing and selling of medicines always involve questions of ethics. For example increasing pressure by governments to reduce healthcare expenditures potentially creates ethical issues for sales and selling employees as they work to grow in the business. The healthcare industry is highly regulated and most pharmaceutical companies are affiliated to operating within the law. They have developed their own policies and guidance to ensure that all employees meet the highest ethical standards in their work. The Code of Conduct explains the standards that are expect from employees and is clearly communicated across each company. An Employee Guide to Business Conduct explains what the Code means in practice. Most pharmaceutical companies are committed to sales and marketing activities that are ethical, responsible, principled and patient focused. They conform to the high, ethical, medical and scientific standards that are set by governments and regulato rs. On top of the regulatory requirements of governments, they govern their sales and marketing activities through company policy, on Pharmaceutical Marketing and Promotion Activity, and through industry and company marketing codes. Companies believe that it is important to work with governments to contribute to inferential debate on issues surrounding pharmaceuticals and healthcare. Where legal and arrogate they make political donations as part of this engagement. All of their interactions are governed by the Code of Conduct and appropriate Corporate Policies. Most have company wide auditing in place to fully investigate suspected breaches of their company standards and take appropriate disciplinary action, including pocket where appropriate.Never in the history of pharmaceutical marketing have the challenges been so intense and the stakes so high. Threats to growth and profitability have turned up the heat on pharmaceutical marketing teams to do more with less. As a result, pha rmaceutical marketers must attain a new level of ordinariness and precision to improve performance and maximize return on investments. At the same time, pressure is mounting on all fronts to provide greater economic value to all customers-including patients, providers and payers.
Wednesday, May 29, 2019
Alan Patons Cry the Beloved Country The book I have chosen to write more or less is Cry the Beloved Country. This book is about ambiguity and reconciliation. The main character in the story Stephan Kumalo has to deal his the struggle of his family, and trying to keep them together. The first a few(prenominal) chapters of this book are place in a small town called Ndotshenti. But the action in this takes place in the largest city on sulfur Africa, Johannesburg. Stephan Kumalo finds out there can be day light even when nonhing in you life is going right.The area of Ndoshenti is known as the Velds, which in Zulu essence the green grassland. The rural country is what describes Ndotshenti best on the other side of the town lies the European part of Ndotshenti. This is Ndoshenti where blacks are not allowed to go. Primarily because apartheid, which means total separation between blacks and whites. Stephan Kumalo is the minister in the small town. Stephan Kumalo hel ps those in assume of help. Also find out very early, he is in need of help too. His son Absalom decides to leave home, because he does not like his fathers new wife. He goes with his friends Johannesburg to work the gold mines.However his son is not the only person causing stress on Stephan Kumalo, because with in a few days of his son leaving, he receives a letter pertaining to his sister. She very sick, exclusively the man writing the letter says not physically, but mentally. At this point Kumalo is befu...
Bermuda TriangleThe Bermuda triangle, or the devils triangle, is an imaginary ara located off the southeastern Atlantic coast of the United States. It is the greatest modern mystery of our supposedly well understood world. It is note for a very high incidence of unexplained losings of ships, small boats, and aircraft. The tips of the triangle are generally thought to be Bermuda, Miami, Fla., and San Juan, Puerto Rico. Many theories attempting to explain the umpteen disappearances have been offered by means ofout the history of the area. The most practical face to be environmental and those that involve human error. Some reports dismantle go as distant as to saying that there are UFOs kidnapping ships and planes, and that the garbled city of Atlantis is below the Bermuda triangle. Weird disappearances and sightings in the Bermuda triangle date punt to 1492, when the first voyage to America took place. Christopher capital of Ohio when sailing through the imaginary place called the Bermuda triangle wrote of weird sightings in the ship log. He recorded that he and his crew had observed a large ball of excite fall into the sea and that the ships labor was behaving differently. On October 11, which is the day Columbus landed on Cuba, Columbus and another man saw a light over the water, which disappeared suddenly. Within hours land was sighted. These incidents have been thought to be the first known indications that the Bermuda Triangle is fill up with bizarre happenings, Columbus himself was not apparently bothered by what he had seen. The ball of fire might have been a meteor, a fire on the shore, a torch in an Indians boat or even a hallucination. whatsoever it was, Chris Columbus provided the Bermuda Triangle with a five hundred-year story. (3) Many ships and planes have been lost in the triangle. Of unexplained stories, the most famous of them all is of outflow 19. The mission called for the thirteen men to fly due east fifty-six miles to Hens and Chicken Shoals to manoeuver practice-bombing runs. When they had completed that objective, the flight plan called for them to fly an additional lxvii miles east, then turn north for seventy-three miles and finally straight back to base, a outstrip of 120 miles. This course would take them on a trilateral path over the sea. About an hour and a half into the mission Lt. Taylor reported that his compass was not working. Planes t... ...pearances occurred. Each was a world away from the other. matchless was off Australia, the other off Puerto Rico in the Bermuda Triangle, yet both were very similar. two pilots were sober, one was a US Marine. Both reported a strange object harassing or, at the very least, very interested in their aircraft. Both could not describe exactly what it was. But in both cases, when it came in closer, it apparently caused a disruption of radio communication and cut out electro-magnetic power, causing the railway locomotive to sputter. Neither aircraft left any trace. Both carried ELTs, automatic alarms that are jettisoned when the aircraft impacts. This triggers them to send their electronic SOS communicates, guiding rescuers to the point of the incident. Yet in both these incidents they were hushed, for no signal was ever picked up. (2) The Great Bermuda Triangle is one of the biggest mysteries still liveborn today. It has created many stories, some true, some untrue there have been many unexplained disappearances in this imaginary place. Peoples lives have been lost, and ships and planes seemed to enter and never come out. Whatever it is, it will always be a mystery, a mystery of the Great Bermuda Triangle. Bermuda Triangle Essay -- Science ExploratoryBermuda TriangleThe Bermuda triangle, or the devils triangle, is an imaginary area located off the southeastern Atlantic coast of the United States. It is the greatest modern mystery of our supposedly well understood world. It is noted for a very high incidence of une xplained losses of ships, small boats, and aircraft. The tips of the triangle are generally thought to be Bermuda, Miami, Fla., and San Juan, Puerto Rico. Many theories attempting to explain the many disappearances have been offered throughout the history of the area. The most practical seem to be environmental and those that involve human error. Some reports even go as far as to saying that there are UFOs kidnapping ships and planes, and that the lost city of Atlantis is below the Bermuda triangle. Weird disappearances and sightings in the Bermuda triangle date back to 1492, when the first voyage to America took place. Christopher Columbus when sailing through the imaginary place called the Bermuda triangle wrote of weird sightings in the ship log. He recorded that he and his crew had observed a large ball of fire fall into the sea and that the ships compass was behaving differently. On October 11, which is the day Columbus landed on Cuba, Columbus and another man saw a light over the water, which disappeared suddenly. Within hours land was sighted. These incidents have been thought to be the first known indications that the Bermuda Triangle is filled with bizarre happenings, Columbus himself was not apparently bothered by what he had seen. The ball of fire might have been a meteor, a fire on the shore, a torch in an Indians boat or even a hallucination. Whatever it was, Chris Columbus provided the Bermuda Triangle with a five hundred-year story. (3) Many ships and planes have been lost in the triangle. Of unexplained stories, the most famous of them all is of flight 19. The mission called for the thirteen men to fly due east fifty-six miles to Hens and Chicken Shoals to conduct practice-bombing runs. When they had completed that objective, the flight plan called for them to fly an additional sixty-seven miles east, then turn north for seventy-three miles and finally straight back to base, a distance of 120 miles. This course would take them on a triangular p ath over the sea. About an hour and a half into the mission Lt. Taylor reported that his compass was not working. Planes t... ...pearances occurred. Each was a world away from the other. One was off Australia, the other off Puerto Rico in the Bermuda Triangle, yet both were very similar. Both pilots were sober, one was a US Marine. Both reported a strange object harassing or, at the very least, very interested in their aircraft. Both could not describe exactly what it was. But in both cases, when it came in closer, it apparently caused a disruption of radio communication and cut out electro-magnetic power, causing the engine to sputter. Neither aircraft left any trace. Both carried ELTs, automatic alarms that are jettisoned when the aircraft impacts. This triggers them to send their electronic SOS signals, guiding rescuers to the point of the incident. Yet in both these incidents they were hushed, for no signal was ever picked up. (2) The Great Bermuda Triangle is one of the bigges t mysteries still alive today. It has created many stories, some true, some untrue there have been many unexplained disappearances in this imaginary place. Peoples lives have been lost, and ships and planes seemed to enter and never come out. Whatever it is, it will always be a mystery, a mystery of the Great Bermuda Triangle.
Tuesday, May 28, 2019
All throughout history weve encountered people trying to contain and cage in people in about almost anything from a bathroom to an interment camp. Although these attempts to contain and imprison humans for no correct motive have been futile, These incidents do of course leave their marking and change hostelry a responsibility that comes upon wrong doings. They change people in society like, Fred Korematsu ,born in the U.S. in 1919. His parents were born in Japan. Since he was born in the U.S. he was a citizen. He grew up like a normal kid in California. He had a normal childhood, until the attack on Pearl obligate on December 7, 1942. aft(prenominal) the bombing of Pearl Harbor, Japanese Americans were regarded as a threat to the U.S. Things was soon to dramatically change for all the Japanese, including our own Fred Korematsu, an American- Japanese.After the bombing of Pearl Harbor, Japanese Americans were regarded as a threat to the United states of America. This then led Presi dent Roosevelt issued Executive order 9066, also know as the Exclusion Order. This Order stated that any descendents or immigrants from enemy nations who might be a threat to U.S. security will report to assembly centers for Internment. in that location were no trials or hearings. They were forced to evacuate and many lost their homes and their businesses. Fred Korematsu refused to go. He was a U.S. citizen so he felt like he had no documentary duty to leave, since he was obviously from there.Roosevelt had violated Korematsus basic constitutional rights and every other Japanese-American. The fourth amendment states itself, The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against paradoxical searches and seizures, shall not be violated and no wa... ... incident they have apologized, telling us that this incident was big for them and they had to take up the other end and do the right thing finally. Not only did they correct themselves, but it als o shows the world how human their country is, how opinions are able to change over time, and how they do change In 1998 President Clinton presented the Presidential Medal of Freedom to Korematsu. In the long history of our countrys constant search for justice, some names of ordinary citizens radix for millions of souls, Clinton with out doubt kew the Fred Korematsu had this then president Clinton finally put the Presidential Medal of Freedom on him. Clinton said, recalling the names of civil rights pioneers, to that distinguished list, today we loan the name of Fred Korematsu. Fred Korematsu had finally got his victory, his voice was finally heard. He was correct.
All throughout history weve encountered people trying to contain and cage in people in about almost anything from a bathroom to an interment camp. Although these attempts to contain and imprison humans for no correct motive have been futile, These incidents do of course leave their marking and change society a responsibility that comes upon wrong doings. They change people in society like, Fred Korematsu , natural in the U.S. in 1919. His parents were born in Japan. Since he was born in the U.S. he was a citizen. He grew up like a normal kid in California. He had a normal childhood, until the attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1942. After the bombing of Pearl Harbor, Japanese Americans were regarded as a panic to the U.S. Things was shortly to dramatically change for all the Japanese, including our own Fred Korematsu, an American- Japanese.After the bombing of Pearl Harbor, Japanese Americans were regarded as a threat to the United states of America. This then led death chair Roosevelt issued Executive order 9066, also know as the Exclusion Order. This Order stated that any descendents or immigrants from enemy nations who might be a threat to U.S. security will report to assembly centers for Internment. There were no trials or hearings. They were forced to evacuate and many lost their homes and their businesses. Fred Korematsu refused to go. He was a U.S. citizen so he felt like he had no real duty to leave, since he was obviously from there.Roosevelt had violated Korematsus basic constitutional justifiedlys and every other Japanese-American. The fourth amendment states itself, The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated and no wa... ... incident they have apologized, telling us that this incident was loose for them and they had to take up the other end and do the right thing finally. Not only did they correct themselves, but it also shows the wor ld how human their terra firma is, how opinions are able to change over time, and how they do change In 1998 President Clinton presented the Presidential Medal of Freedom to Korematsu. In the long history of our countrys ceaseless search for justice, some names of ordinary citizens stand for millions of souls, Clinton with out doubt kew the Fred Korematsu had this then president Clinton finally put the Presidential Medal of Freedom on him. Clinton said, recalling the names of civil rights pioneers, to that distinguished list, today we add the name of Fred Korematsu. Fred Korematsu had finally got his victory, his voice was finally heard. He was correct.
Monday, May 27, 2019
Hi my name is Seymour butts. My fathers name is moby dick. My favorite color is black. My favorite food is pizza. I just got a new fish yesterday. I named him bluey. You want to know why, because he is blue. Today is was cloudy outside but it never rained. Thats a bumer. I rode in a hummer on Sunday. It was cool. I also went to the movies. I havent been to the movies in a long time. I went to the beach today. It was wavey. I have a dog named blacky. Because he is black. I come up with unique names. I had chicken stew for dinner tonight. That is my favorite thing to make. I also had a corn gemstone with it.I just got done swimming in the pool. I do not have a pool. Fooled you. It is seventy six degrees in my house. That is very cold. It is twenty degrees outside. That is in reality hot. I cleaned my house today. It was very dirty. It took me all day to clean it. I love to clean the house. I dont know how it got so dirty. right off the house does not have to be cleaned for another t wo years. I just dropped a glass plate and it shattered everywhere. Oh well. It was not my plate anyway. come up I hope this essay entertained you. It sure entertained me. All of this is true. That was a lie. I am just kidding.
Sunday, May 26, 2019
The Cycle That Continues Today Many people get off a plane and think that was a flagitious trip because the security lines were long, the flight was delayed, and the food was terrible. Odysseus journey is guaranteed to be a hundred times harder. He spends ten years trying to get home plate after the Trojan War and has a series of mishaps along the way. Homer, who was a famous bard in Ancient Greece, tells Odysseus fabrication in the epic poem, the Odyssey. throughout the poem, many characters go through the cycle of Hubris, Ate, and whammy, causing hard enters that never needed to happen, and their mistakes teach readers les passwords.The cycle begins when a character is arrogant, acts upon it, and then gets punished based on their actions. Iros, a pauperize, decides that he doesnt want to share the space with Odysseus, who he thinks is a weak old beggar, but he pays in the end. The suitor, Antinoos, leads the pack of men taking over Odysseus castle he dies for his disloyal ac tions toward the king. Finally, Odysseus plan to return to Ithaka is slowed by over eight years after he angers Poseidons son by being arrogant. Iros isnt c recidivately occupyd to the suitors or Odysseus but he still goes through the cycle.Iros experience with the cycle results in a firing of food and shelter after he commits his Ate. Iros meets an old and weak beggar whom he thinks he is better than because he is much younger and looks stronger. Then, during his Ate, he challenges the beggar to a fight for the castles Great Hall. In his Nemesis, the beggar, who is actually Odysseus, breaks his jaw in the first punch and then hurts his leg with just a quick kick. Readers fecal matter learn through Iros not to judge differents by their looks or age. Before the fight, Iros encourages the suitors to pay attention and cheer him on.Iros tells Odysseus, Clear-out grandfather or be hauled by the ankle bone. See them all giving me the wink? That means, Go on and drag him out I hate to do it. Up with you Or would you like a fist fight (Fitzgerald 335). When Iros commits his Ate, he angers Odysseus by insulting him. This shows that people should learn to share, and not take advantage of elders. The cycle continues throughout the story in Antinoos. During Odysseus absence, Antinoos thinks he can take over the castle and his wife this causes him to lose his life.When Odysseus doesnt return from the Trojan War, people begin to question if he is alive or not. Antinoos and the other suitors decide to take advantage of this opportunity by invading the castle. His Ate is committed when they drink Odysseus wine, slaughter his cattle, and mistreat Penelope, Odysseus wife, and the other servants. When Odysseus finally returns, still disguised as a beggar, Antinoos throws a chair at him. In the end, his nemesis is being the first suitor to die, since he is the draw of the pack.Readers can learn not to take advantage of others or take what has not been earned. Odysseus and h is most trusted servants lock the suitors in the Great Hall, in devote to try to kill them. Homer writes, He drew the cruel head of an arrow for Antinoos just as the young man leaned to lift his beautiful shape Odysseus hit him under the chin and punched up the feather through his throat (Fitzgerald 409). Antinoos Nemesis is death at the hand of Odysseus arrow, and it is revenge for taking over his castle. Although Odysseus causes the Nemesis of Iros and Antinoos, he experiences the cycle himself.Even though Odysseus is considered the hero of the poem, he still goes through the Hubris, Ate, and Nemesis cycle. In order to escape Polyphemos cave, where he is trapped, Odysseus blinds the Kyklopes. After escaping the cave, he boards the ship and with arrogance reveals his name and where he is from. In anger, the Kyklopes asks his dad, Poseidon, to punish Odysseus by making it almost impossible to return to Ithaka, Odysseus home, this is his Nemesis. The lesson the reader can learn is that boasting can get in the way of the ultimate goal. Bragging makes others even more mad, and they try to get revenge.Odysseus couldnt just leave quietly. Polyphemos tells his dad everything he knows and how to punish him. He yells, Oh hear me lord, blue girdler of the islands, if I am thine indeed, and thou art father grant that Odysseus, raider of cities, never see his home again. Laertes son, I mean, who unplowed his hall on Ithaka. Should destiny intend that he shall see his roof again among his family in his fathers land, far be that day, and dark the years between. Let him lose all companions, and return under strange sail to biter days home (Fitzgerald 161). Polyphemos determines Odysseus fate.It takes ten years for him to return home finally. All of his crew dies, and when he arrives, he finds that suitors have invaded his castle. The lessons learned from Odysseus mistakes are important for people forthwith, not only for people the past. Arrogance cant always be controlle d, and still today self-importance gets in the way of peoples life goals. The Odysseys exciting adventure teaches lessons about life and human nature. None of the characters are perfect, so this allows people to relate to their personalities and mistakes, keeping this poem popular.
Saturday, May 25, 2019
The barrier Beduin the Arabic language refers to one who lives out in the open, in the desert. The Arabic vocalize Badawiyinis a generic name for a desert-dweller and the English raillery Bedouin is the derived from this. In ancient times, just about people settled near rivers notwithstanding the Bedouin people preferable to live in the open desert. Bedouins mainly live in the Arabian and Syrian deserts, the Sinai Peninsula of Egypt and the Sahara Desert of North Africa.There argon Bedouin communities in many countries, including Egypt, Syria, Israel, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Yemen and Iraq in the Middle East and Morocco, Sudan, Algeria, Tunisia and Libya in North Africa. Altogether, the Bedouin population numbers about 4 million. The Bedouins are seen as Arab cultures purest representatives and the Bedouins affect to be hailed by other Arabs as ideal Arabs, especi bothy because of their rich oral poetic tradition, their herding lifestyle and their traditional code of maintain.T he Egyptians refer to the Bedouins as Arab, but Bedouins are unambiguous from other Arabs because of their extensive kinship networks, which provide them with community support and the basic necessities for survival. Such networks create traditionally served to ensure safety of families and to protect their property. The term Araab has been synonymous with theterm nomad since the beginning of Islam. The Bedouins are recognized by their (nomadic) lifestyles, special language, social structures and culture. Only few Bedouins live as their forefathers did in camel- and goat haircloth tents, raising livestock, hunting and raiding.Their numbers are decreasing and nowadays there are approx. only 5% of Bedouins still live as pastoral nomads in all of the Middle East. Some Bedouins of Sinai are still half-nomads. Bedouins have different facial features by which they can be distinguished from other Egyptians and to a fault they slackly dress differently. The Bedouin men wear long djellab aya and a smagg (red white draped headcover) or aymemma (white headcover) or a white small headdress, some(a)times held in arrange by an agall (a black cord).The Bedouin women usually wear brightly coloured long dresses but when they go outside they dress in an abaya (a thin, long black finishing sometimes covered with shiny embroidery) and they forget always cover their head and hair when they leave their housewith atarha (a black, thinshawl). Traditionally a womans introduce was hidden behind a highly decorated burqaah but this is now only seen with the older generations. The younger generations cover their face simply with their tarha (shawl).The Bedouins have a rich culture and their possess Arabic Bedawi language, which has different dialects depending on the area where they live. In asheser days they emphasised on the strong belief in its tribal superiority, in return to the tribal security the support to survive in a hostile environment. The Bedouin is aristocratic and they tend to perceive the Arabian country as the noblest of all nations, purity of blood, way of life and above all noble ancestry. They often trace their lineage back to the times of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) and beyond.The first-year converts to Islam came from the Bedouin tribes and therefore (Sunni) Islam is embedded and deeply rooted in the Bedouin culture. Prayer is an integral part of Bedouin life. As there are no formal mosques in the desert, they implore were they are, facing the Kaaba in Mecca and performing the ritual washing, preferably with water but if not available they wash with sand instead. The Bedouin is generally open-minded and interested in what is going on in his close and far surroundings since this kind of knowledge has always been a vital tool of survival.At the same time, the Bedouins are quite a suspicious and alert keeping a low profile about their personal background. Modern Arab states have a strong tendency to regulate their meandering(a) lifes tyle and modern society has make the traditional Bedouin lifestyle less attractive, since it is demanding and often dangerous, so many Bedouins have settled in urban areas and continue to do so. The Bedouin people are faced with challenges in their lifestyle, as their traditional Muslim, tribal culture has begun to mix with western practices.Men are more likely to congeal and interact with the modern cultures, but women are bound by honour and tradition to stay within the family dwelling and therefore lack opportunity for advancement. like a shot unemployment amongst Bedouin people is precise high. Only few obtain a high school degree and until now fewer graduate from college. However, for most people the word Bedouin still conjures up a much richer and more mysterious and romanticimage.. THE ORGANIZATION OF BEDOUINS SOCIETY Until today the clan organization is the basis of the Bedouin society.Every Bayt (tent) represents a family and the connected families form a clan (Aela). A llmembers of the same clan consider each other as of one blood (Dam) and the spirit of the clan demands unconditional truth to fellow clansmen. A number of kindred clans form a tribe (Qabilah) with its own land. The clan is represented by an elder or the eldest, choosen by its members, who is sinewy but has no absolute authority. In major affairs he must consult with the tribal leader The Shaykh.In most of the Bedouin tribes, the leaders (Shaykhs) are picked for their scholarship and judgment. In others, such as the Allegat and the small Hamada tribe, leadership passes from father to eldest son. You could say, that the Bedouin is a born democrat who meets his Shaykh with respect but on equal creation The Quabilahis a union of extended familiesand is the major family unit. It is a kinship structure of some(prenominal) generations that encompasses a wide network of blood relations descended through the priapic line.In the past, the Quabilahprovided its members with economic secu rity and protection (land, labour and water are tribal property), but today with the loss of the Bedouins traditional livelihoods, the Quabilah is less able to take all these functions but it still serves as a major source of identity,psycho-social support and social status. The Bayt and the Aela are the basic social and economic unit of the Bedouin society, but the leaders of these units generally form a council of elders, directed by the head of the Quabilah.The smallest family unit of parents and children and the tribe are closely bound by extensive uncouth commitments and obligations, such as Hamula, the bringing of gifts. This social network of the Bedouins is underpinned and maintained by a deeply ingrained system of set and expectations that govern the behaviour and the relationships of the members. In practice, age, ghostly piety, and personal characteristics such as generosity and hospitality, set some men above others in the organization of the group. The Shaykh tradit ionally exercises authority over the allocation of pasture and the arbitration of disputes.His condition is usually derived from his own astute reading of the majority opinion. He generally has no power to enforce a conclusion and therefore has to rely on his moral authority and the concurrence of the community with his point of view. In asense, the Bedouins form a number of nations. That is, groups of families are fall in by common ancestry and by shared territorial allegiance. The exploitation and defence of their common territorial area is effected through a universally accepted system of leadership.For centuries, these nations of Bedouin tribes and their leaders operated in the ecologically and politically shifting landscapes of the Middle East and North Africa. Only in the course of the twentieth century has their traditional flexibility and mobility been checked. Factors foreign to their universe have damaged the territorial mainstay of their societies, necessitating the adoption of new bases of identification with their nations and its leaders. THE KEY VALUES The key values of the Bedouin society are harmony, kinship solidarity, honourand hierarchy.The Bedouins emphasize cooperation, adaption, accommodation and family cohesion. Individuals are pass judgment to show loyalty and responsibility to the collective, to place its good above their own and to follow the rules and commands of those above them in hierarchy. The Bedouins have a collective attitude to just about everything work, money, family, feuds you name it and the Bedouins will take a collective position because of their highly developed sense of community and tribal loyalties. Family comes first, second and third for them blood is definitely thicker than water.Their strict code of honour dictates proper behaviour for all members, men, women (see MARRIAGE AND FAMILY ) andchildren and to live according to its (many) rules, like a healthy person always stands upto greet an older person, the yalways greet all start with the person on their right sink and moving on against the hands of the clock to the rest, they always start serving the person on their right hand first(even if this is a child) and then the rest moving against the hands of the clock, etc. Breaking any of these rules meansreal trouble.The (semi)nomadic lifestyleis demanding and thats why thechildren are expected to assume a considerable amount of responsibility in order to help their families survive. Although modernization has changed their lifestyle somewhat, emphasis is placed on teaching children to operate on traditional ways of life and the advancement of modern technology is so far not considered important to childrens education. The Bedouin people are cognize to be very polite and honest. They prefer not to say bad things or be the bearer of bad news. MARRIAGE Marriage for Bedouins has both religious and social significance.FromanIslamic perspective, marriage legalizes sexual relations and provi des the framework for procreation. From a social perspective, it brings together not only the bride and groom but also their families. Womenare protected in the Bedouin code of honour. A man who is not closely related to a woman is not allowed to touch her in any way, not even so much as to brush his fingers against hers while handing her something. To do so is to dishonour her. Likewise, in some tribes, if a woman brings dishonour to herself, she shames her family because honour is held not by individuals but by the whole family.The loss of a womans honour, her ird, is extremely serious amongst the Bedouins. Bedouin men and women enjoy the freedom of choosing their partner. Nevertheless,parents can put decent pressure on their children to arrange their marriage. If there is no father to speak for the girl/woman, a brother or other male relative will speak for her. If a male from the family doesnt agree with the choice of a spouse for his daughter, sister or even cousin, he is able to stop the wedding according to Bedouin Law.There is an engagement period for about a year or more, during which the Bedouin boy/man can visit the girl/woman at her family (and most rarely they will be alone) where they can talk, share views and expectations and get to know each other. If the engagementdoes not work out, the ending of the engagement should be through in a way, that there is no shame or blemish on the other (family). Therefore pressure from parents or family should be handled very sleepless and tactful. BEDOUIN FAMILY he three-generation extended family is the ideal domestic unit.Although this group, averaging between nine and eleven persons, may sleep inmore than one tent or in more than one house, its meals are generally taken together. The newly formed nuclear family of husband and wife tends to remain with the larger domestic unit until it has satisfactory manpower and a large enough income (herd) to survive on its own. On occasion, a combination of brothers or patrilineal cousins will join forces to form a single domestic unit. Children and infants are raised by the extended family unit.Parents, older siblings, grandparents, aunts, uncles, and cousins all take part in the rearing of the young. By the age of 6 or 7, the child begins to take on simple household tasks and soon thereafter becomes a full working member of the family. Adolescence is hardly recognized by the early teens, at the age of 16 or 17, the individual is accepted as a fullmember of Bedouin society. The Bedouins are patrilineal. Their names consist of a personal name, the fathers name,the agnatic grandfathers name and the great grandfathers name.Women retain their name and fathers family name unchangedafter marriage. There are distinctive terms for kin on the mothers side and kin on the fathers side. All terms indicate the sex of the person designated. The smallest residential unit (Bayt) is named after its senior male resident. However, unlike settled peoples,most Be douins are also members of larger patrilineal descent groups which are linked by agnation to form even larger lineages and sometimes even tribal confederations. RELIGION AND TRADITIONSThe Bedouins (and Islamics in general) variously believe in Jinn (the presence of spirits), some playful and others malevolent, that interfere in the life of humans. Hasset (the envious, evileye) is also very real to the Bedouins and children are believed to be particularly vulnerable. For this reason, they often had protective amulets attached to their clothing or hung just about their necks. In Islam the existence of ogresses and monstrous super naturals is postulated, cognize as Maleika Al Ard (Kings of the Earth) and Bedouins believe they are sometimes met by lone travellers in the desert.There is no formal clergy in Islam and no centre of priests. Every Muslim has its own direct relationship with Allah. Bedouin societies have no formal religious specialists. They traditionally arrange for relig ious specialists, called Shaykh or Sjeikh, from adjacent settled regions to spend several months a year with them to teach the young to read the Quran. A rural or settled religious specialist that Bedouins seek out for curative and load measures is called a Gatib. This is not the same as the Hakim, which is a Bedouin doctor/healer is, who specializes in herbal and traditional healing. ) In addition many Bedouins tend to have ceremonies and rituals including elaborate celebrations of weddings, ritual naming of newborn infants and the circumcision of children (boys universally, girls frequently but this is less common nowadays because in the mosque is preached that this is in contradiction with the teachings of the holy Quran). According to IslamBedouins ceremonially slaughter a goat or a sheep when a child is born.Bedouins call this Foo-ela and their family is invited to eat the prepared meat together. Bedouins of southern Sinai who are influenced by Sufism (Islamic mysticism) also celebrate the Prophets birthday and carry out pilgrimages to the tombs of (local) saints. They onlyworship Allah and these journeys are more important to consolidate the ties to the tribe and the tombs serve as a showdown place. Death and traditions Islamic tradition dictates the practices associated with death. The body is buried as soon as possible and always within 24 hours.Among some Bedouin groups, an effort is made to bury the dead in one place (Maghebr), although often it is impossible to reach it within the strict time limit imposed by Islamic practices. Funeral rites are very simple and Bedouins mark their graves with exeptional simplicity, placing an ordinary stone (or unmarked board) at the head of the grave, where family regularly place a fresh hitchhike of a palm tree. When they visit the graves, they take off their shoes and say a prayer, after which they sit around the graves and eat fruit.Children playing around the cemetery always get a (sweet) treat from the visi tors. Healing HOT SAND BATH They put their selves in the sand when theyfeel pain in their swot up or the whole body, to let the sand lick the pain and bad fluids out of the body CAMEL MILK The Bedouins take camel as their friend. They have Camel Milk to bring to diseases like Hepatitis C, stomach pain, sexual disability, digestion and immunresistancy. Half il bar are herbs from the desert cleaning the kidneys Handal is a kind of fruit from the desert we put for some time under your heel. It helps against rheumatism.
Friday, May 24, 2019
Describe how you think Intelligence-Led Policing in the fall in States should be conducted. Intelligence-led policing is the latest means by which police politics solve crimes instead of acting only after a crime has been consummated (Intelligence-Led Policing in the United States). This shift from the old practice needs much development in order to cope up with the changing technological advancement around the world. Besides, the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, do this revolution essential.I know that such commodious attack in the United States became successful because of negligence and underestimating the capabilities of criminals in using technology to evade the law. For me, there are three ways wherein intelligence-led policing should be conducted in the United States. First, there should be constant look-out of people coming in the province and going out of the same. The possibility of criminals coming in the country not detected by the police is high due to thei r networks and resources.Second, there should be a more effective system wherein all intelligence units across the country could interact directly through the development of technology to that effect. And third, all suspicious and non-suspicious but possible perpetrators must be constantly monitored for possible crime or terrorism activities, and such action must be done in accordance with law. Specifically, how would you recommend setting up the intelligence community in the United States?Globalization, fast-tracked by development in technology and transportation, has transformed the world smaller for criminals and bigger for state and local law enforcement (Intelligence-Led Policing). In that sense, setting up the municipal intelligence or the FBI must be magnified to the effect that it is no longer limited to domestic perpetrators but to all their possible accomplices and accessories within the country.The CIA, which is the inappropriate intelligence must focus on small groups of individual who are capable of consummating criminal acts and study their possible allies and supporters. The role of the militaries is vital in having access to these groups of criminals as they are capable to use bigger force to solve crimes. It would be better if a unified action be made in every intelligence reports received by all authorities in order to prevent commission of crimes against national security and individual well-being.References suburban Emergency Management Project. 2007. Intelligence-Led Policing in the United States. Retrieved July 22, 2009, from http//www. semp. us/publications/biot_ reader. php? BiotID=474. Bureau of Justice Assistance. 2009. Intelligence-Led Policing. Retrieved July 22, 2009, http//www. ojp. usdoj. gov/BJA/topics/ilp. html.
Thursday, May 23, 2019
Creative Piece for as Level English Literature Coursework Comparing Two Film Adaptations of Ã¢â¬ËHamletÃ¢â¬â¢ Essay
Kenneth Branagh takes Hamlet from play to screen in an intense, full-length adaptation and he got it right Gregory Doran as well as takes a whack at bringing Hamlet from the stage to the screen but with a more than modern interpretation. Branagh restores Hamlets greatest scenes and brings knocked out(p) the most in Shakespeares awe-inspiring revenge-tragedy plot in both performance and direction, Branagh displays energy and cogency. The language has the upmost clarity and makes the mental picture feel fond and comprehensible for a range of viewers. Branaghs pragmatic approach, which includes short illustrative flashbacks, work as a perfectly credible cinematic device that helps the sense of hearing to understand the complex scenarios.Branagh tends to rant on and shout throughout the film, especially in his soliloquys, but to the audience it could feel commanding and passionate and so it creates quite an an impressive effect. The musical scores are generally helpful, although on occasions they dont quite fit in with the mood, for example in flake 4, Scene 4, during Hamlets speech, the music just made it more humorous rather than serious and dramatic, honestly it sounded more like a inferior American speech with a flag in the background At the start of the film, the setting is a bit weak, with the shaking of the earth and the appearance of the tincture proving to be a poor attempt at special effects However the film then gets flooded with colour and majestically inviting grand halls and populate which are truly beautiful.The BBCs adaptation of Hamlet (2009), takes a modern-day approach from the start it is clear that this adaptation is modern dress, Hamlet wears jeans and a jersey and he kills Polonius with a handgun, as well as there being Helicopters and women in military roles. Some dialogue and scenes were trimmed and adapted to suit viewers of the modern day and unlike the exuberant, bravura styling of Branaghs version, Doran has favoured a more refined minimalist dramatization. Whilst the production design is theatrical, Doran directs the camera in a manner that is more typical of television he uses a few cinematic flourishes and can reach angles that would be impossible on the stage.The use of modern CCTV may compel the element of surveillance but their clumsy, intrusive functioning is more distractive rather than innovative. It is interesting however how Doran puts a camera in Hamlets pass to highlight that characters observations of others. Onstage, Tennant made eye-contact with the audience, bringingviewers into the plot and the tense impression of the play this quality was also apparent in the film where Tennant looks directly into the camera, enhancing the meaning behind the text whilst recreating the theatrical intimacy. Branagh doesnt stray from the original text in his exciting adaptation of Hamlet and the cast, acting, set and boilersuit production was brilliant and can really captivate viewers. However despite the fact the former Doctor Who star tackled his role with an excellent fierceness, Dorans modern-day approach was nowhere near as dynamic as Branaghs performance.
Wednesday, May 22, 2019
The lecture is about traffic over-crowdings, which is one of the major problems in the UKs transport system. The lecture consists of 2 main points which are, firstly, the cause of the congestions and secondly, how the British government activity have tried to address the problem by creating the Integrated Transport Policy. The first point made by the lecturer is that overcrowded roadstead have its effects. First of all, they affect directly in the countrys economy, as all the lost time have its repercussion decreasing the productivity.Similarly, the defilement affects the local and global environment. In addition to this, has a detrimental effect on public health. In order to solve this problem, the lecturer states that the British government created the Integrated Transport Policy. They carried out a consultation and find out that the improvement of the transport system was not very successful and people like to use their own car. Finally, the lecturer moves to explain some succe ssful measures that the government approved with the purpose of reducing congestions.One of the measures was to enable some fast lines in the motorways for cars with more(prenominal) than one occupant. The other one was to charge car user to get access to the city centre from London. Both of the measures were successful and the money that they get from the congestion charging was invested in improving the public transport system. To summarise, the lecturer affirms that the best solution to the problem of overcrowded roads is to implement some small measures to each specific problem, sooner of trying to one big solution which can solve all the problems.
Tuesday, May 21, 2019
IntroductionThe mod afforest is a palimpseste slate nation which has been rewritten clip and clip once more it has thence created a mosaic manage wrench of different home chiliad. It was constituted as a royal runing land in Hampshire by William the Conqueror in the eleventh century. It is the largest staying country of enclosed heath, browse land and wood in South England. The Crown still today owns most of the land of the New plant. William the Conqueror enforced some Torahs on how the land was to be used by the topical anesthetic dwellers. Timess were difficult for the unwashed plurality they were independently restricted in what they could kit and caboodle and graze on the land. In 1698 the people of the land gained commoning rights by the Crown. When the Commoning rights were given a tribunal was set in topographic point the Verderers tribunal and it had many functions to play within the New woodland to pull gain and protect agricultural patterns, to continue its alone landscape, zoology and vegetation and to prolong it for the future coevalss.There are three chief rivers in the New timber portion of the Hampshire basin which drain to the south the Avon, Lymington and the Beaulieu. All of which shape the land flower stalk. The geology in addition plays a portion in the New forest which I will explicate in more depth subsequently. The New Forest covers 571 km2 with 118 km2 being heath and grassland, 33 km2 wet heath and 84 km2 tree plantations place in the 1700s. Many restrictions and regulations set by the Crown are still in topographic point today to pull off the land. The New Forest has been a site of involvement for a long clip and the wish to continue it. It has gone done many phases of categorization much(prenominal) as a SSSI, World Heritage, to in the end a National Park the highest degree of protection in 2005.It was awarded this position receivable to its alone home crusade and linked to this the zoology and vegetation. I t has 75 % of Europe & A acirc s low prevarication quags ( bogs ) and 40 % of western Europe & A acirc s heathland in fact 50 % of the New Forest is woodland enclosures. Within the New Forest there is 46 works species which are international rare and many types of lively beings from lizards to the usual ponies, cervid, cowss and hogs. All of these factors shape the land in how it is managed and what they need to continue. During a recent field trip made by the Geography and environmental Science pupils of the University of Greenwich, six chief home causa were identified within the New Forest Grassland/lawns, Heath, Woodland, Mires, Settlements/agricultural lands and a portion of the seashore. All of these home curtilage are managed in some manner normally be an interested administration of the New Forest.Grassland and Forest LawnsAcidic Grassland in the New Forest is really common and is found along hill sides and at the patio. The key to this is through the geology of the la nd, the New Forest lies within the Hampshire Basin. Due to this most of the sedimentations of dirt have a guts like construction overlaid by acidic alimentary paltry dirt therefore any rainfall and foods are absorbed promptly and lost through drainage, the land is really porous in these countries. The dominant workss of this home ground are thick Bracken gown, Bristle-bent grass and broom.Forest Lawns in the New Forest frequently occur near a H2O beginning e.g. a watercourse. These countries are really level and overly cover a little integrality of land inside the New Forest. hitherto this home ground is the most utile for croping therefore of instant for the 500 practicing common mans today. Deluging in the winter provides the dirts with the of bit foods to maintain the flora healthy and to be able to bowl over back rapidly. The flora can to an extent become immune to croping from animate beings much(prenominal) as cowss, ponies and cervid so over graze can assist this home ground remain managed and be utile. Vegetation in this home ground includes Herbs and Grasses of a broad scope.ManagementThese home grounds are linked and some(prenominal) managed by the Forestry Commission. Bracken can turn rapidly and is really dominant over other(a) species such as ling so every twelvemonth the Commission takes on controlled combustion of furze and ling. The foods from this combustion helps maintain the dirt healthy and therefore encourages growing on the acidic land. The Pteridium esculentum is harvested in the summer months to halt them smothering the workss beneath them when they wilt subsequently on in the twelvemonth. The Pteridium esculentum is so exchange to local concerns in the country.HeathThe New Forest has the largest country of heath in Europe. The dry countries along the tops of the hills are dominated by Heather and Gorse the diverseness of these workss is low. It is peculiarly of import to reptilians and many types of birds. In fact the r are Smooth serpent is found in good Numberss due to the heathland in the New Forest is being protected. The rich Lichen communities a type of flora has a big diverseness and is of import to the invertebrates in this home ground. On low lying depressions and valley side that incline gently wet heath workss can be found. The land in these countries is more concentrated and workss such as the Purple-moor grass are widespread.https //encrypted-tbn0.gstatic.com/images? q=tbn ANd9GcT-z-sYPl6IXiz6TF5G4n2EovbqJVElYOkLVROzdvYrdvycUg1IpQManagementThis home ground is managed by the Forestry Commission non merely does controlled combustion encourages the growing of flora it besides protects other home grounds from being endangered. Woodland enclosures sprout across this habitat portion of the mosaic form, yet if the heathland was left to go overgrown the hazard of wild fires would increase. Heathland flora is really dry and can catch fire easy and distribute. Many forest enclosures are really old dating back to the 1700 & A acirc s and they are a portion of some delicate ecosystems which are rare.ForestThe New wood has a few types of different forest home grounds largely determined by the trees either cone-bearing or deciduous or a mixture. Ancient grazing land forest is unenclosed countries where animate beings such as ponies, cowss and cervid can crop. The trees are allowed to turn, dice and disintegrate of course without human intercession the dominant species are Oak and Beech both of which are deciduous trees. ) Beech is normally found in the desiccant countries where dirt is non rich in foods plenty for Oak and other species to turn. In surfactant countries with poorer drainage Oaks are the dominant coinage with a mix of Beech, Ash, Yew and Birch. Yew is a cone-bearing tree significance this type of forest has a broad categorisation of tree species.ManagementThe forest committee manages this home ground by cutting back holly when it becomes overgrown to halt i t stamp downing other species.http //sphotos-f.ak.fbcdn.net/hphotos-ak-ash4/421087_10151267495520681_2055721702_n.jpgOn a recent field trip made by the Geography and Environmental Science pupils of the University of Greenwich it was observed that some forest countries are manmade due to the trees holding been planted in lines with even spacing. It was besides noticed that similar species were all planted in the same country and that there was non a random fluctuation of species that would other occur in a natural environment.ManagementThese woodland countries are managed by the common mans and the Forestry committee, the Forestry committee cut the tree subdivisions so nil grows underneath the focal ratio canopy. This has left a noticeable spread in the midst of the trees high subdivisions and the forest floor. The common mans have their animate beings graze in these countries the animate beings stop works species on the land growth and going excessively thick to pull off.Birch an d Oak mix forest are found in drifter on the Heathland these are by and large the enclosed countries. They have been enclosed to halt the trees distributing farther into the grassland and it to protect the enclosed forest ecosystem from croping animate beings. Birds like the Wood Pecker, Nuthatch and Tree creeper are found in these grazing land forest.ManagementThis Habitat is managed by the forestry committee the program is to increase these enclosures across the New Forest.MiresThere are 120 Mires in Western Europe 90 of which are located in the New Forest. They are located at the tooshie of the vales and the inclines the dirt is for good saturated. When dirt is H2O logged organic affair does non interrupt down like it would if the dirt was dry. The organic affair amasses over clip and is eventually laid down as peat. As the peat construct up it creates an about solid surface drifting on top of H2O, workss can so turn on this top bed. The workss are mosses, white beaked sedge an d asphodel these can turn rapidly due to alimentary rich dirt gained from H2O being deadened from the environing stones and dirts.The quags have somewhat different home grounds within its ain system, towards the border the dirts have a poorer make up of foods so workss such as daily dews grow here. Towards the Centre where the dirt is really rich bog Vinca minor and violet moor-grass grows. At some of the larger mires up to cl different types of works species can be found.ManagementThe forestry committee manages this home ground they are responsible for Restoration undertakings to profit the wildlife in this ecosystem.CoastThe New Forest besides contains 26 stat mis of coastline a portion of this home ground includes shingle beaches these beaches and there spits support a big scope of Marine workss and animate beings. The sex beaches are of import for migratory birds as a genteelness country, such as the black-headed chump and tern. hypertext transfer protocol //sphotos-f.ak.fbcdn .net/hphotos-ak-snc7/315601_10151267498640681_1471067524_n.jpgManagementIn the New Forest some of the low drops and shake beaches are being managed but non in the traditional sense where tongues and other sea defense mechanisms one time stood, they have been left to go out-of-date and overpowered by the sea and are now efficaciously useless. These countries have weak drops were changeless eroding is taking topographic point. The drops have now been left to gnaw at of course and no defense mechanisms are to be put into topographic point.HazardsThe New Forest was the last topographic point of specific involvement to go a National Park in the UK. It was granted this protection due to lifting hazards from many parts. The population denseness of the country is now 34 000 this is because during the 70s to 80s there was a rise in substructure development. The land the New Forest is on is really easy to construct upon, level land and soft dirts. Not merely has the population risen but the figure of tourers has increased on norm there are 13.5 million visitants yearly of which 96 % thrust to the New Forest to curtail figure of visitants and pollution from the autos the New Forest has merely 135 auto Parkss.The figure of visitants to the New Forest has been good for local concerns and helped turn local towns such as Lyndhurst into a king protea site, conveying in more of a assortment in stores and increased the criterion of life. This knock on takings has provided 2451 direct occupations to the New Forest. It is estimated that 110 million lbs is spent by visitants yearly and 72 million if you take into history escape. Yet with all these positive impacts they besides bring negatives issues such as traffic 2nd places have been bought intending belongings monetary values have increased. Stock in stores can go sold out really rapidly and due to the increasing disbursals to populate in the country merely 500 practising common mans still exist. This has created a clang bet ween the local & A acirc s civilization and history vs. tourers demands.Tourism and an addition in population are non the lone hazards for the New Forest Climate revision is a factor which will come into drama in the hereafter. With lifting sea degrees the coastal part of the New Forest will gnaw really rapidly altering the home ground. As the regional temperature changes the heathland home ground will go to dry attention deficit disorder in the hapless alimentary dirt the workss will shrivel and be more vulnerable to deceasing. All wonts will be affected in some manner due to climate alteration this is due to frequence and sum of rainfall. Some countries will go excessively afloat and other countries the foods in the dirt will be washed off excessively often for it to hold a positive consequence on a home ground.DecisionIn decision the New Forest is a really of import country for its assorted rare home grounds and to back up the significance of the New Forest it has been awarded National Park position. Yet like most rare home grounds they are besides the most vulnerable to alterations in clime and land usage. The direction of the New Forest comprises of many complex beds to suit the demand of many interested parties non merely does it necessitate to provide for tourers and administrations. The direction must besides recognize and integrate the of import cultural significance and patterns for the locals.
Monday, May 20, 2019
From the initiatory day a nipper is born, p bents are there to nurture their child, to support them as they grow and develop. thither is a lot to get wind about raising a child under normal circumstances, exactly when a child has surplus needs parents must learn this whole new language of medical exam and special direction terms (Overton, 2005). Parents enter this new world where navigating for the best interest of their child is pierce with ch in allenges and obstacles that they need to somehow overcome. This is especially true when parents are dealing with the special grooming program in their childs school.The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act ( nous) requires parental involvement in the education of children with disabilities (Smith, Hilton, Murdick, &ump Gartin, 2005). The IDEA also guarantees civil rights to children with disabilities and encourages parents to act as an advocate for their child. This seems like it would encourage school professionals and par ents to work nigh(a) together in obtaining the best services needed for the child. Unfortunately it often leads to a struggle in balanc http//www. 123helpme. com/family-collaboration-in-special-education-preview. asp?id=206428 One of the most controversial issues facing educators today is the topic of educating students with disabilities, specifically through the concept of inclusion. Inclusion is moldd as having every student be a part of the classroom all working together no matter if the child has a learning disability or non (Farmer) (Inclusion Where Weve Been.. , 2005, para. 5). The mentally retarded population has both a low IQ and the inability to perform mundane functions. Activities such as eating, dressing, walking, and in some cases, talking can be hopeless to a child with mental retardation.Schooling for the disabled requires a special environmentone that only a few teachers shed the gift to care for. Instead of looking out for the childs needs, the government is c oncentrate on passing test grades and social skills.Mentally retarded children require a eminently skilful special education teacher, patience for behavioral issues, and are also required to pass standardized tests exoteric education for these students move at a faster pace than they can comprehend and lack the person-to-person focus that http//www. 123helpme. com/special-needs-education-preview. asp?id=206359 Special education essays exhaust become common in recent geezerhood because of the need to address this issue in modern days.As a result, students especially those studying special education are oftentimes required to write special education essays by their tutors. As a result, it is essential for students to develop competitive constitution skills. When asked to write a special education essay, students need to have factual information in order to have a coherent flow of information. This flow is of the essence(p) in helping the reader to understand the essay with a l ot of ease.Above all, it is necessary to define special education, the people who need it, and why they need it. Special Education Education is very authorised in whatever society. For this reason, some people have gone ahead to describe education as the source of knowledge. In other worlds, one cannot be knowledgeable when he or she does not have education. Importantly, various groups require different forms of education. For instance, the society is made up of people with various needs, like the sick, elderly, children or even disabled ones.In this regard, special education essays must address the fact that special education is designed for students with special needs in the society. In most cases, this education is tailored in musical mode that addresses the needs of the students. In order to achieve this, teachers are tasked with drafting of teaching procedures and equipment to enhance the learning process. unitedly with accessible settings, these conditions are necessary to enhance the learning process and ensure that students with special needs are not denied chance gain knowledge and sharpen their skills.In other words, special education eliminates barriers, which pull through when a student with special needs is admitted and exposed to a normal classroom setting without any special consideration. What are these special needs, which qualify a student to be considered for special education? Firstly, students with challenges in learning have to be considered. In a normal class, there could students who find it hard to learn because of some reasons. Such students need specialized attention so that they are not disadvantaged in the learning process.When writing special education essays, it is also important to address the issue of communication challenges. These challenges occurs because of vile proficiency in the language being used, thus causing a communication barrier. The commonest factor is infixed disabilities. Students with disabilities requi re specialized education for them to gain knowledge and become productive in the society. These disabilities may allow in hearing and sight problems. They may also have deformed limbs, as a result of natural birth or accidents. Additionally, students with emotional, behavioral, and developmental disorders require special education.Are you looking for competitive essay writing help? Are you in need of essay writers online? Do you want to buy research written document? We have excellent homework help to meet your needs. Our custom essays focus on your instructions. We provide you with high quality online homework help and best essay writing service to guarantee you A+ grades. http//www. stellacostello. net/special-education-essay/ One of the largest controversies faced by schools today is the mandated implementation of inclusion of students with special needs into superior general education classrooms.Many administrators, teachers, and parents question the possible academic effects of students with special needs being placed into general education classrooms and being held accountable for the material taught. _______ Rather than segregating students based on their differences, inclusion recognizes that all students are learners who benefit from a meaningful, challenging, and appropriate curriculum delivered within the general education classroom, as well as from differentiated instruction techniques that address each students unique strengths and challenges.Inclusion seeks to provide all students with fairness kind of than sameness by establishing supportive, and nurturing communities that are based on giving all students the services and accommodations they need to succeed, as well as respecting and learning from each others individual differences (CITE TEXT). While inclusion has rivet on individuals with disabilities, it is designed to the educational system so that it is more able to accommodate and respond to the versatile strengths, challenges, and ex periences of all students.Inclusion programs also provide all students with access to a challenging, engaging, and flexible curriculum that helps them be successful in society.
Sunday, May 19, 2019
Anton Meriwether When you are move to write a descriptive piece then it is best to describe e actu bothything in a very visual way to that would make the reader use its five senses. Using the five senses in a descriptive writing really elevates your piece and makes it stand out. Im from a small urban center in Federal Indiana where non many people visit even actually hardly at all. The city is off the coast of Lake Michigan which creates a slight cold breeze in middle of declination and all of January. The city is called Michigan City, Indiana.Have you ever heard of The Blue Chip Casino? Of play you ca-ca I mean who havent. The Blue Chip Casino is equivalent a boat casino and it is withal the tallest building in the whole city. The Casino sits at one end Of Michigan Blvd which is one of the master(prenominal) roads in the city and also one of the longest. Another thing about the city is a place called The Dunes. The Dunes is a big smooth hill that depending on the weather will burn your feet. The Dunes is a great place to go if youre looking to have some fun walking n sand and also deprivation to the beach.Hearing the beach at night just calms you down no matter what is going on because, hearing the breeze flow over the lake creates a sound that cant be mimicked by engineering science which is very rare nowadays. Michigan City is a good place to visit but of course every city has its down falls I mean Atlanta is too big like huge for no reason at all, no seriously, really dumb big and parking is dearly-won and cant even drive yet and Im saying, its just ridiculous, but back to the task at hand. One line of work aboutMichigan City is the weather, if you are not used to cold weather or dont like it then its not your place because it gets freezing, iceman, Antarctica, Im staying inside the house cold. That is a descriptive writing that includes all five senses. When you use all the senses then you are truly writing a descriptive writing, because how can you describe something without using the senses, I mean, you not even describing anything all you are doing is just talking about it and that wont get my attention. I swear this helps you become a better descriptive writer.
Saturday, May 18, 2019
In The Workplace In many line of productss today all important(p) vital customer information is stored within a companys database, easily raged by employees with the right verification. The vulnerability of crank information is at an alarming risk. Most companys rallying cry policies ar vague only asking for a one step verification, which entails either the employees date of birth, or the last four digits of their social security number. I larn vast experience work in hotels, and the one common thing I have personally foundIs that the password authentication process can easily be manipulated. As years of working In the hotel business I have had access to customers credit card numbers, addresses, phone numbers, as hale as email addresses. I have personally seen the ease of accessing another persons password. Hypothetically In the hotel business If a customer or any other unauthorized person or persons were able to access the hotel computers, It wouldnt be too difficult to ha ck one of the employees passwords and gain access to the customer files containing all of their information.It is my personal pinion that every company big or small should have a complex password authentication system in place to protect the very customers that keep them afloat. We see it not quite an daily but do see it often in the news where businesss get hacked into and hundreds of thousands of people are affected. Most of the time these hacks would have been easily avoided had the company put in place a more(prenominal) complex password authentication system. In closing I hope to one day develop a hack proof password system, to protect not only consumers, but corporate database, as well as their integrity.
Friday, May 17, 2019
Lines ci to 104 in Lines of Life by Letitia Elizabeth Landon, she uses imagery and repetition to depict what the reader can assume to be her ultimate dream as an artist also I believe this stanza in particular helps the reader to understand why she chose this rubric. The footnotes of the Norton text tells us that Landons, Title may reference Shakespeares sonnet 16questioning the power of art to bestow immortality. I agree with this analysis because of lines 101 to 104 in the poem. In lines 101 and 102 Landon uses imagery to depict the scene of a pale youth by his dim lamp, himself a dying flame.The language Landon uses is very effective in creating a vision for the reader. The repition of the image of a flame is also effective in depicting a vision for the reader. Also, when Landon mentions that the, pale youth is, Himself a dying flame it reminds the reader of his mortality. This emphasis of mortality also strengthens my resolve to agree with the text that the title is a referenc e to Shakespeares sonnet 16. In lines 103 and 104 Landon says, From many an antique chronicle beside, choose that which bears my depict? The language Landon uses indicates that the image of the pale youth is far in the future because her work is an antique scroll. Landon, continuing to use vivid imagery, is once once again emphasizing the notion that her work will correct her immortal not in the literal sense, but in the sense that though she may be physically dead her ideas live on forever and be valued by future generations again strengthening the argument that the text makes, that the title of this piece is a reference to Shakespeares Sonnet 16.
An analysis of chapter five’s significance to the novel as a whole including some of the novel’s broader issues & concerns
This saucy is ab extinct a son c every(prenominal)ed Alem. The concur concentrates on the issues of immigration and those closely affected by it, the main character in the bear is a young boy called Alem who has fled his country of origin Ethiopia because of growing tensions between Ethiopia and its neighbouring country Eritrea. Alems mother is from Eritrea and his become is from Ethiopia and those two countries be in war thats why his family are not accepted in both countries because of Alems mixed heritage and his families mixed marriage, they are firstly driven from their phratry in Ethiopia by the local anesthetic police and then they face prejudice in Eritrea.His dad felt its insecure for Alem to persevere in Eritrea while the war going on between those two countries. Alems father took him on a holiday to England just Alem is unaware of his fathers plan, which is to leave Alem in England until this was is over. In their arrival in England they stay in a hotel after few days of sight seeing Alems father leaves Alem in the hotel and go back to Eritrea. to begin with chapter five Alem meets Pamela and Mariam who works in the mental instituti unity council. They helped Alem to apply for asylum seekers to stay in England. Until the habitation office treat the asylum application, they found a children home for Alem to stay.Chapter five is one of the significant chapter in the self-colored refreshful because its shows the development of novel it builds up the tension so the readers can get excited to find out what is going to be the next step of the novel. In this chapter most of the characters are introduced. Chapter 5 begins with Alem arriving at the childrens home and a description of what the place looks like and how it makes Alem feel. He is firstly introduced to a worker at the childrens home named Sarah Cohen who shows him around the place informs him of the rules and regulation of the place.During the exploration of the home Alem meets anoth er worker named Tom Whittaker and a worldly concern named Dave he notices a boy sitting by himself and is informed that this boys name is Mustafa. While he is stable being showed around the place he meets his soon to be enemy Sweeney for the first time in the smokers room. Sweeny later demands Alem to get well-nigh biscuits. When Alem ref utilise to get biscuits for Sweeney they start arguing, Tom hears the argument and Alem explains to Tom the whole berth and then Tom makes Sweeny apologise for anti social behaviour.Alem meets his room partner called Stanley Burton who is orphan and depress in his arrival Stanley tells Alem his own story of why hes at the childrens home.All the characters behaviors in the childrens house show how unstructured asylum systems. However there are some people who are unrestrainedly attach in their past for e.g. Stanley Burton is mentally ill plainly no one in the childrens house take him seriously about(predicate) the effects his having on his m ind.After chapter five the story largely concentrates on Alems struggles to familiarise him to this contrasted land. He goes to the refugee camp. He gets bullied, but where he also manages to make some friends. Alem had a fight with Sweeney but makes friends with Mustafa and decides to run away from the childrens home.He gets lots of support from the Refugee Council, who fined a better place for him to stay. His been fostered by a family. It was difficult for him to adjust in another house with new people but he manages to stay with them. He starts going to a school and again he face racism and bullies in school. stave the trouble in Ethiopia and Eritrea is gathering rapidity. His mums died in the war and his dad comes back to England to live with his son. Alems get rightfully happy and excited to have one of his family members around him. The government refused to give them permission to stay in England. After couple of weeks his father also passed way in a car accident.In my a ssurance Benjamin Zephaniah wrote this story in order to educate people of the growing problems of the way refuges are hardened in this country. He is trying to give people an pictureing of the way a young refuge might look at our country and what they might think of our customs. He is also showing that underneath skin colour, culture and customs we all think and are alike.Benjamin Zephaniah intentions and objective are to record the anguish and struggles that many asylum seekers have to go through in England.The author took ideas from many writers and books, which are related to refugees to make this book unique and special to the readers. He attempt to influence the readers with a combine of layout, emotions are raised, and guilt is created to feel sorry for Alem and it shows how to be strong when people have to deal with bad situation that they face while they are living in a childrens home.Chapter 5 is very grave to the story because it shows Alem and no mater where he is aggression follows him. I felt this chapter have really emotional attach to it. Many characters are introduced in this chapter because some of the characters encouraged Alem to become a stronger person and some of the characters are shown to bully him so he can show his strength to stand up for himself. In this chapter it showed the position of each character. He learns to make a judgment on other characters. This chapter is very of the essence(predicate) because it shows how the system works and its the beginning of all the struggles for Alem for e.g. living independently, getting bullied etc.This chapter sounds different than other chapter of the novel because its sound more dramatic, helpless, angry and showing his strength. The other sound was informative, balance and controlled. He shows responsibility, development of his cognition by dealing with problematic situation and trying to adjust in a new environment. This chapter seems so realistic. It is a simple chapter to read be cause it has a good solid plot and structure of the book makes it easier to understand roles of each character.It shows how the main character of the novel starts living independently. This chapter expose Alems character by showing abominable strength to keep standing in the toughest time while he was at the childrens home for e.g. one of the boy wants him to get some biscuits but Alem replied I dont want any biscuits. If you want biscuits you get them yourself. It shows that he is not scared of anyone, he is a straightforward person who wants to stay out of trouble but he is not scared to tell the truth.The main character is Alem this is because he is someone who can be trust and empathize in the whole novel. He is the only character in the whole novel. The whole novel was written to explore this character. Alem is well presented to show his strength and weaknesses. This is a unique character because hes the refugee and all the other characters are the supporting character to help Alem to get justice. Alem is the central character in the book because the author believed that the easiest way to tell the story of a refugee would be by telling it through the look of Alem, this would help the audience to imagine themselves in the place of a refugee.I think that chapter 5 is a real turning point in the story because it reveals more of Alems character then other chapters so it makes it easier for the audience to formularise themselves with Alems character.It is an excellent topic about which to write because there are rarely books about this particular topic and I believe people should be informed. The story line is thoughtful for me and it prove to be a stimulating and moving experience. The message behind this novel was to inform people how refugees used to get treated in the past. Benjamin Zephaniah understood the character this is because he did endure racism in his childhood when he arrived from Africa. He can relate this book to his own life.
Thursday, May 16, 2019
The Americas - Research Paper ExampleThis essay compares the perspectives, issues, and the concerns of the Aztec and the Inca peoples, and with congener to their contacts with the Europeans.For a thorough comparison of the perspectives, issues and concerns of the Aztec and the Inca peoples, this essay will analyze five major issues thus holiness and rituals structures, architecture or earthworks agriculture trade and their reasons for decline. The paper will use historical methodology to do this comparison. The paper thus will analyze and interpret both primary and secondary sources. The online e-core material shall too be used to supplement the primary sources.The Aztecs was a group in Mexico that had around ten special K members while they controlled an empire of more than 22 million people. They, however, had never developed a bureaucratic clay as the Europeans. Andreas and Overfield (129) observe that the Aztecs policy-making system allowed their kings to remain in power as long as the kings continued to send tribute. They held both religious and political power. The kings were seen as the representatives of the gods, and they also controlled the civil powers. The Aztec believed that a religious belief was a very important element in keeping the conquered peoples in control, especially the use of the sacrificial system. In 1519 with the arrival of theSpanish in the current day Mexico, with 11 ships, the capital city of the Aztec was Tenochtitlan (Sahagun and Anderson 128). The Inca, on their part, had a sophisticated bureaucracy, and they had incorporated the ideas into their culture to form a true and unique empire. Their empire consisted of between nightspot to 12 million people.The Aztecs were led by emperors thought to have demigod powers, while the Inca were led by a supreme ruler, also seen as a god. Just like with the Aztecs ruler with absolute political and religious powers, the Incan ruler was an authoritarian ruler who controlled movement, marriage
Wednesday, May 15, 2019
The Type and Methods of English Taught in Schools of The land of Yemen - Assignment ExampleNone of them may know what is past perfect tense or an infinitive. Well, to originate command over the language, they need not know grammar Read a lot, listen to the conversation attentively, close to of ones language skills can be acquired through this process. This rule applies to the question of acquiring skills in the English language as for the Yemeni students as well. Let me, however, hasten to add that I do not mean to say that the study of grammar does not have any importance as for training any language. But for a beginner, if the study of grammar is overemphasized, the learner is likely to lose interest in the mental object English commands immense influence in the world, in all spheres. It is the language of international communication. David Crystal Writes, In several countries, the role of English has become politically contentious, and arguments have raged about its current a nd future status. catch matters developed to the point where the rise of English as a world language is unstoppable?(Preface, p.xii) The termination will have to be found in each country depending on its special situation. In the context of globalization, the needs of the English language to the Yemeni students have grown in many areas. approximately of the literature in science and technology is available in English. It is the language used in medical exam science and international print and electronic media. Practically viewed, learning English is not an option it is the unavoidableness for an individuals and national progress. A Yemeni student going abroad for advanced studies essential have a reasonable knowledge of English. Though English is extensively used in the technical world in Yemen, at the school and college level a methodology and system doesnt pull through to teach it effectively. English, though doesnt enjoy the official status in Yemen, due to practical nec essary of the language in international business transactions, it has assumed an important position. The language is taught in schools and universities
Tuesday, May 14, 2019
Content Analysis - Essay Examplesisting of the messages, action techniques, medium, sources quoted or referred to, and circumstance, and the job of content analysis is to inflict some kind of order on these phenomena (Shoemaker & Reese) with the invention of explaining their meaning. The website of the American Idol shows that it has been one of the best entertainment programs for the past nine successive times. American Idols decide include Paula Abdul, accomplished choreographer and music superstar Simon Cowell, multi hit record producer and head of A& R at BNG Records and Randy Jackson, a Gammy Award-winning 20-year music industry veteran and former A& R executive at MCA Records (American Idol The Search for A Superstar 2005). The qualified age-range for competitors in American Idol is currently 15 to 28 years old. The initial age limit was 16 to 24 in the first three seasons, but the upper limit was raised to 28 in season four. It could also be seen that the lower limit was d ecreased to 15 in season ten (J. Atsu Amegashie 2009)sociological theory on medicalization recommends that women, girls and other less powerful groups are more and more subject to medicines sanction over their health, bodies and lives as well. This is due to the fact that during the adolescent period girls suffer a considerable fuddle in their self-esteem and may become especially or particularly vulnerable to medicalization. Simon Cowelll and Paula Abdul are the 2 judges of American Idol. Simon Phillip Cowell is an English video recording producer, A&R executive, industrialist and a very popular television personality. As a judge, Cowell is recognized for his blunt and frequently controversial criticisms, wisecracks and insults regarding contestants and their performances. He is also known for synchronizing actions and events of both the music and television industries, having encouraged singles and records for various artists that have grown to become celebrities. Cowell has been move in
Monday, May 13, 2019
Strategic management - Case carry ExampleEvery business in the ring fenced so that lenders have no rights to any different assets. consummate(a) evolved from private companies to a group where some companies ar listed.I believe that inspite of the fact that The Virgin Group appears to have numerous organizations in as numerous distinctive fields, there are presumably some vital connections between the specialty units. With these key connections Virgin can attain a hardly a(prenominal) advantages, for instance, economies of scale when purchasing supplies or with their logistics, more control over the business, access to more purchaser info over a few related organizations or by making it less demanding for the embodied defender to comprehend and deal with every vital specialty unit on the off chance that they are all in comparable fields. (Keller, Parameswaran & Jacob, 2011).However, overall Virgin takes pace after a random extend method. This implies that The Virgin Group is an association which moves out of its own industry or market and seeks after untested open doors wherever they are accessible. It adventures its present capabilities and sets about broadening in ways which can institute utilization of these abilities easier and this further may overall be under-utilized.The Virgin Group as an issue guardian values all its organizations. The Virgin Group attains esteem by understanding the systematized markets. The Virgins administration group has do a decent showing in recognizing fulfillment in the business. The administration group aptitude and get matched to the system permits the organization to offer more for less.The Virgin gathering likewise increased the value of its organizations with the trademark name and utilized the brand name to overcome hindrances. The Virgin brand name is a shoppers follower and as noticed before the brand is highly regarded with the British. The Virgin Group as a corporate parent additionally assists with rest ricting the dangers for alternate organizations
Sunday, May 12, 2019
Operations management - Lab give out ExampleAccording to Jones and Lockwood (2001), the industry is a complex assembly of customer adjoin, information processing, and material processing that leads to process choice of hybrid types inclusive of job shops, batch production, mass customization, and mass production either within the same operation (Jones, Lockwood, 2001), Additionally, the specific content of the industry does not always allow process layout to neighboringly match process type, and the theory of Operations Management becomes difficult to apply (Jones and Lockwood, 2001). It is in this mise en scene the operations of Budget Hotels and its lavishness counterpart willing be compared, and the results will there lacked the level of accuracy, and absoluteness prevalent in operations comparable the auto industry and other manufacturing entities. According to Dejong (2010), the difference among Budget Hotels and a Luxury Hotels, is that budget hotels tend to derive mo re value from operations devoted the leaner cost structures that are based on lower capital investments, land cost, and the staff to hotel way of life ratio. They are therefore able to achieve higher operating returns, which facilitate higher contributions to the hotel bottom lines (Dejong, H. 2010). Luxury Hotels on the other hand, according to Dejong (2010), are considered less risky then Budget Hotels in hurt of development prospects, in that the entry barriers to new entrants are very high in this segment of the grocery. Studies get under ones skin shown that Luxury Hotels are normally established in urban or resort areas, where they are characterized by the low number of available sites for development, compared to Budget Hotels which are found principally along highways, in close proximity to airports, and in suburban areas (Dejong, H. 2010). The strategy in locating these hotels in theses different areas separates and characterize the customers will be attracted to them, and the financial status and satisfaction desire levels of customers will play a critical reference in deciding who chooses a luxury hotel as against the budget hotel. Economic conditions of the market, is also a notice factor on the development choices of investors, and where the loan value ratios are decreasing compare to earlier periods like 2010 versus 2008, lower capital will be required to build budget hotels instead of luxury, and it is in this pedagogy many business entrepreneurs will resort to achieve financial success and stability (Dejong, H. 2010). The hotel Investment modality criteria is one major reason why investors are turning to Budget Hotels in South America, of import America, Asia, especially in Brazil, India, China, and Dubai, instead of Luxury Hotels according to Dejong (2010). The criteria have an investment component and a market related component. Investors look at the investment horizon, the medium objectives, and risk tolerance before looking at the market related aspect which include the maturity of the destination markets being targeted, the supply and demand and the put up of the credit market before deciding whether the cost and returns from luxury and or budget hotels are charismatic enough to warrant the investment of their capital (Dejong, 2010). According to Dejong (2010), substantial saving opportunities are available for companies that coordinated budget properties into their managed hotel programs over luxury hotels, and other upscale properties.
Saturday, May 11, 2019
queer Marriage - Essay ExampleThough the realm is democratic, rules and governing is determined by the majority vote which means that the principles of 76% of American people neglectfulness the legalization of gay spousal relationships. With the increasing divorce rate and other societal flaws gay marriage testament only increase the flaws in the institute of marriage. This paper will illustrate the problems associated with gay marriage and constitute that it does not belong in our society.Nine states in America have recognized gay marriage as a legal binding of two individuals. In the other 41 states it is not licitly and socially acceptable. Firstly, gay marriage is not a immanent process. If same sex marriages were to prevail and step forward number marriages between opposite sexes, there would a huge decrease in the population. Hypothetically, this would result in the annihilation of the human race which further solidifies the fact that gay marriage is not a natural proce ss. Two females or males are unable to biologically reproduce, which raises questions on the purpose of the subject matter. There is a misconception that individuals who oppose gay marriage are homophobic and perpetrators of hate. However, there are substantial closes behind this opinion.Gay activists associate legalization of gay marriage with equal rights. In our society equal rights do not exist in this perspective. Some states have laws removeing the marriage of close relatives. There are also laws which prohibit individual from marrying minors, animals, multiple individuals and inanimate objects (Normandin, n.p). Hence, equal rights do not qualify as legitimate reason to legalize same sex marriage. Research has also shown that children brought up in families without a male grade usually engage in early sexual activity. Children living in same sex marriages are usually separated from their mother or father who can have adverse psychological make in the future. It has also
Friday, May 10, 2019
Interest Rates - Essay manikinAll the monotheistic religions i.e. Judaism, Christianity and Islam looked amour with contempt where the Judaism and Christianity compromised with its significance as stimulating force for economic prosperity, Islam hush treats it as a war against God and practicing Muslims dislike the lending and receiving of beguile . In our early history the Greeks were considered as highly civilized nation. Lending money at interest was forbidden by the Greeks. Aristotle whose powerful bill of indictment greatly influenced the later nations condemned the taking of interest in very strong words. He compared money to a barren hen which laid no eggs. According to Aristotle, the object of the use of money was to facilitate exchange, and the overflowing satisfactions of human wants. According to him this was the or so natural purpose of money money could not be employ as the source of accumulation i.e. to increase at interest. So accumulating money at interest wa s the most unnatural of all ways of making money. A piece of money cannot beget another piece, and then it was unjust. Plato too condemned interest. Similarly Roman Empire prohibited the charging of interest, and they were first nation to enact laws for the protection of debtors. step by step prohibitions against usury began to be renewed in Europe. In England the ban was renewed in 1545, during the reign of enthalpy VIII. It was only during this period the word usury began to be replaced interest. (Homer 1996)The Prerequisites to the Rise of Interest RateIn the developing economies the demand for capital is great while the supply is very limited as compared with developed economies. borderline productivity of capital is very high in developing countries and hence the rate of interest is to a fault high. Some political factors also contribute to high rate of interest in poor countries. As a high risk of bankruptcy is involved the higher rates of interest are claimed by the lending agencies.Where there are possibilities that capital would earn greater reward for the investor, he will be willing to pay higher rate of interest keeping in view the higher compass point of capital productivity and better power of payment of interest. In such patch the rate of interest will rise.When a loan is required for a longer period the money lender would favor to advance loans to debtors at higher rate of interest as the money lender/creditor have to subdivision with their cash assets for a long period which involves greater risks than the short term loans.Increase in spate and business activities creates healthy atmosphere and it also creates demand for capital to greater extent and in such circumstances the expectation of higher rate of interest can not be ignored. The rate of interest will rise due to excessive demand of cash resources.When the economy is under inflationary pressure, it is revelatory of the fact that the higher rate of interest prevails in the econ omic activities of a country. In such situation the interest rates will also riseThe Nature and Necessity of Interest Rates wherefore should interest be paid at all In the Middle Ages Money