Thursday, February 28, 2019
In the world of suspect books and fantasy literature, there have been a multitude of amazing superheroes. individu exclusively(prenominal)y superhero has their own unique set of skills and personalities. My favorite superheroes are Captain America, Batman, and press out Man. These three superheroes have obtain to their military forces in different ways, yet they all use their awesome talents to fight for good. Captain America, Batman and crusade Man all have extraordinary abilities, which make them unique and special.Captain America has been habituated the gift of super-human speed and strength and the ability to heal quickly. Batman has super gadgets, such(prenominal) as the Batmobile, batarangs (bat shaped boomerangs), and a grappling gun. Iron Man, like Batman, relies on technology to create his advantage. His primary advantage comes in the form of his blanket(a) body metallic suit. The suit features a smart computer and ten-fold weapons systems. The special powers and t echnologies these superheroes possess set them apart from the average man on the street.Even though they all have special abilities, apiece of these superheroes came to their abilities in a unique way. Captain America was the subject of a phalanx experiment that had aimed to create a super soldier. His physical abilities and appearance were modify with the injection of a special serum. Contrary to the Captains origin, Batman derives his power from expensive, state-of-the-art technology. His motive to fight crime stems from the death of his parents, who were killed when he was a child.Iron Man, on the other hand, suffered a chest injury during a kidnapping, in which his captors attempted to force him to make weapons. In order to escape, and drop a line his life, he created a powered suit of armor. As you can see, each superhero had a different origin hardly they have all apply their experiences to fight for good. Captain America had been small and frail before his transformatio n, so he fights with a sense of protecting the weak. Captain America is an inherently good and honorable person. Batman fights crime as form of vengeance, or revenge, collectable to his parents deaths.Batman fights for good despite being a dark and tormented character. Iron Man also fights for the good side, but he does so a little reluctantly. He originally acted to defend his companys interests, but inevitably he began to use his powers for a greater good. These superheroes may come from different backgrounds and have unique skill sets but they share a common goal. They all fight to protect the weak and the innocent from the powers of evil. notwithstanding their superficial differences, these superheroes are very much alike.
I Identifying Data.Ashley K. is a 23-year old white egg-producing(prenominal) who was admitted to Warner transitional Services on 11/21/12.II mind Complaint. I am a little anxious and upset cheeseparing now. IDTC in Lafayette could not do anything for me.III Informants.Assess ment information was provided by diligent. Interview was conducted in a private room along with psychiatrist, and speck clinician. Other sources used for this evaluation included documents from her anterior two placements.IV Reason for Consultation.Client was referred to Warner Transitional Services by Indiana developmental Training Center of Lafayette. She became a candidate for Warners program repayable to her progression through sermon, improved behaviors, and being able to function at a higher level than most patients at her foregoing placement. unhurried was discharged from state hospital and transferred to facility. Patient will most potential remain at Warner until she can be transitioned into a group home. The interference team up believes that Warners program can improve her overall functioning. The team also believes that she can benefit from a more group orientated, and less(prenominal) restrictive environment.V History of Present Illness.The information obtained in the assessment, and previous records leads me to assume the patient has had a in truth complex story. Documents obtained paint Ashley as being known for manipulation, and making up stories. During the interrogate she was often graphical and graphic when she began to describe expatiate. Also, as she told her story redirection was often needed to endure focused on the question discussed. She tends to want to answer questions with questions, and seemed to prefer elaborating on certain topics, rather than progress and complete the interview.Ashley was forthcoming with information stating I usually mess up by hurting myself-importance when I talk, or hear from my family. She then rolled up her shirt and showed me a portion of superficial cuts on her right arm. Patient seems to be a good story teller, but a poor historian. During the assessment process the treatment team was somewhat confused as to if some of the historical details provided were derived from Ashley herself, previous documents, or family members.VI psychiatric History.Ashley has historical diagnoses of PTSD and study depression, made at the age of seven. St. Joseph County DCS became involved with her in 1999 ascribable to substantiated personal ill-treat by her father. The very next year she was seen in the tinge room for a 25 pound weight loss carry on in one month. At this age Ashley reported sexual abuse by her father. The patients father previously had been investigated for molesting a neighbors child. As a result, the patient and her siblings were re functiond from the home, and made wards of the state. At some point they were returned to the home then Ashleys sisters made allegations that she had been humping them. In 2004 Ashley was once again decl ard a Child In learn Of Services. Since then, patient behavior has been difficult to manage. She has a documented history of defiance, airplane propeller destruction, aggression, and self-harm. As a result, Ashley has had multiple psychiatric hospitalizations in various locations passim the state of Indiana.VII Medical History.Patient has no known drug allergies, no surgical history, and achieved developmental milestones on cartridge holder. Patient currently suffers from hypertension, GERD, and obesity. She is ordained Toprol XL 25mg for HTN, and Zantac 150mg for GERD management. Upon admission she was given a TB fight test, ordered a CBC with diff, CMP, and TSH. All results were unremarkable. Patient is scheduled to project vision testing, and her wisdom teeth removed bilaterally sometime in December 2012.VIII Social History and Premorbid Personality.As mentioned above the patient experienced significant trauma, and was remo ved from the home at very first age. Most of her social interactions have been in an institutional setting. Previous records imply she has a history of poor relationships with peers and staff at various placements. She is set forth as unable to tolerate having other peers receive management from staff. When questioned, Ashley admitted that she would physically intrude, make up stories, and fake illnesses so people would pay attention to her. She also admits to belittling, and taking advantage of lower functioning peers while in various placements. A review of education documents show that she has received spare education services for many years for a learning disability, and activated handicap.Ashley stated she graduated from special education classes while at capital of Wisconsin State Hospital, but was often escorted back to unit for being aggressive, and use profanity. Also, while at IDTC-Lafayette she completed the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale III. This yielded a ful l scale IQ of 69 verbal, 77 and performance,63. The patient has no children, has never been employed, and she verbalized a sexual preference of both men and women. When I asked her astir(predicate) any substance abuse she began to tell stories ab turn up eating a half of pound of marijuana, and sniffing crack-cocaine daily. She also stated that she drinks a lot, but she was unable to describe the type of alcohol, or valuate the amount.IX Family HistoryThe patient has two younger sisters, and their where nears are recondite at this time. Ashleys biological parents are reported to have a history of significant substance abuse. Her father has a history of legal issues including charges of molestation, and drug trafficking. Her mother reportedly is a babysitter. In 2010 Ashleys judge ordered that the family no longer have contact due to constantly attempting to sabotage treatment, telling her not to comply, and making her promises that never materialized. During the interview the pat ient looked down at the ground as she spoke behind nearly her family, and it seemed to be uncomfortable for her. She stated that she has not spoken with, or seen anyone in her family since 2009.X Mental Status ExamThe patient is weighty with light brown hair that was pulled back in a shot glass tail. She had a bright affect, and was rather intrusive socially. She had no tics or defective movements, and made good eye contact. Ashley denied any current suicidal/ murderous ideation, but endorsed psychosis. She stated that she hears, and has visions of a staff from her previous placement during the daylight and night, but has not seen her as of today.She identified her mood as gloomy and agitated due to a new placement. Patient cognitive functioning seemed to be impaired. She was orientated to the month, but thinks it is still 2011. She stated the current chairwoman was George Bush, refused to count from five backwards, and did not seem to know the difference amidst a tomato and apple. She did not appear to give much perspiration in answering cognitive questions, and told me she has a bad memory. Also, the patients insight and judgment appear to be poor at the time of assessment. .X1 Dynamic FormationAshley has suffered from a lot of trauma due to very early physical, emotional, and sexual abuse. Also, she basically became an adult behind institution walls. everywhere the last several years she has been in various residential programs, and has struggled with this process. Ashleys past and present all indicate that she will need psychiatric services for a very long time, mayhap the remainder of her life. Hopefully, Warner Transitional Services can and improve her overall functioning, so that she can move on to an independent living program.XII Assets and Strengths/ Holistic breast feeding Assessment.Ashley is a healthy young adult with the capacity to change. If somehow over time she can learn to use the services provided to her advantage, she could very w ell possibly return to the community one day.XIII Multiaxial Psychiatric Diagnoses.Axis I Mood Disorder Not Otherwise Specified (296.90) . Rule out PTSD . Intermittent Explosive Disorder (312.34) Axis II kooky Mental Retardation (317) Axis III Hypertension, GERD, and Obesity. Axis IV emplacement issues and no family contact per court. Axis V GAF was 35 upon admission.XIV Nursing Diagnoses.I Risk for Violence Self Directed Or Other-Directed. diagnosing is think to history of self harm, aggressive behaviors, cognitive impairment, and emotional problems ( Varcarolis, 2011). Although she has scarce been at Warner for a week, staff reported that she has attempted to destroy furniture on the unit. rung also reported that she punched herself in the stomach yesterday while in the cafeteria. II Ineffective Coping. Diagnosis is related to historically deficient family/peer support system, and poor impulse control (Varcarolis, 2011). Staff on the unit reports that she becomes negative wi th any re-direction, especially completing daybreak ADLs. III Chronic Low Self-Esteem. This diagnosis is related to her perceived want of belonging and a history of disturbed relationships with family, peers, and staff in previous placements (Varcarolis, 2011). During her initial psychiatric evaluation she seemed depressed, and did not verbalize anything positive about herself.XV Treatment Plan.I Give routine psychotropic and as required medications as ordered by DR. Osman. The patient is currently prescribed Lexapro, Lamictal, and trazodone hydrochloride daily. Vistaril and Haldol were ordered as needed for agitation/anxiety. II Inform nurses on duty to complete Suicide Assessment slit daily until patient is able to process off suicide precautions. doctor/APN on-call is to be notified within 30 minutes if patient is placed in a therapeutic physical hold. III Educate staff about patients Transition Behavioral Support Plan.Encourage staff to use pro-active, encouraging, and onu s strategies while working with patients. Emergency medication and physical restraint are used only if patient become a danger to self/others. IV Encourage patient to participate in all associated surround groups while in treatment. Patient can improve her overall independent, social, and grapple skills with consistent positive reinforcement. V Continue with current antihypertensive and GERD medications as ordered by medical physician. Refer patient to physician for issues/problems related to diagnoses of hypertension and GERD. Refer patient to dietitian for weight, and dietary management.References.Varcarolis, E. (2011 4th). Manual of Psychiatric Nursing Care Plans. New York Elsevier/ 9781437717822 American Psychiatric Association DSM-TR (Text Revision) (2000). symptomatic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. Washington, D.C. American Psychiatric Association
Wednesday, February 27, 2019
Journal 2 Describe a situation or several situations youve encounters that reflect the fact that children are not miniature adults. They appreciate differently, see the world differently, and live by different morals and estimable principles than adults. What are some ways of thinking and acting that are sincere for adults but not so simple-minded for children A situation that i have encountered was one day when i was playing with my three course old br new(prenominal) while we was listening to some music on the radio.All of sudden a song came on the radio and he started interpret the entire song. At first i was extremely shock because i could not believe he knew every lyric to the song and he was only three years old. When the song finish i enquire him how did he know the song the whole song he express he taught his self. I ask him could he count to xx for me and he told me he could only count to five. So i told him if he knew completely the lyrics to that song on the ra dio he should know how to count to twenty or farther.Related essay Explain the Post 16 Options For youth People and AdultsI figured out when it comes to some things it easier for him to learn rather than other things. I also have to remeber that they think differently form us so what big businessman seem to easy to learn for us might not be as easy for children to learn it. It just alone really depends on the childrens ages and their stage of development. One way of thinking that is simple for adults but not so simple for children would be the example Piaget wrote rough the grasp object permanance.Piaget argue that children must learn that objects exists level off when the objects are not in the childs physical presence. For an example if you cover a childs wreak the child may not remove because the would think it was automatically gone. aft(prenominal) the age of two children often understand that objects still exist even if the can not see them. They now that if you try to cover up something or hide it still exists some where. They usually start severe to use symbols to represent these things in their minds so that they can still think about them.
duodecimal look alludes to the systematic empirical investigation of social phenomena via statistical, mathematical or computational techniques. 1 The objective of quantitative look into is to develop and employ mathematical models, theories and/or hypotheses pertaining to phenomena. The slay for of measurement is central to quantitative seek be adjudge got it provides the fundamental affiliation between empirical observation and mathematical expression of quantitative relationships. Quantitative selective information is any entropy that is in numerical form such(prenominal) as statistics, percentages, and so forth 1 In laymans terms, this means that the quantitative searcher asks a item, narrow marvel and collects numerical entropy from participants to answer the question. The police detective analyzes the entropy with the help of statistics. The enquiryer is hoping the payoffs pull up stakes yield an unbiased number that can be generalized to near larger p opulation. Qualitative search, on the former(a) hand, asks broad questions and collects word data from participants. The inquiryer looks for themes and describes the information in themes and patterns exclusive to that delineate of participants.Quantitative interrogation is widely physical exercised in tender sciences such as psychology, economics, sociology, and political science, and information technology, and less frequently in anthropology and fib. However, seek in mathematical sciences such as physics is overly quantitative by definition, though this use of the term differs in context. In the social sciences, the term relates to empirical manners, originating in both philosophical positivism and the history of statistics, which contrast qualitative interrogation orders.Quantitative inquiry is generally made victimization scientific methods, which can imply The generation of models, theories and hypotheses The development of instruments and methods for measurement observational control and manipulation of variables Collection of empirical data Modeling and psycho compend of data The Process The research process entails a number of travel which take on the research question, literature re beguile, research design, data exhibition, data analysis, rendition of results and answering the research question. Hughes, 2006) From the above diagram it is evident that there ar tinctures that should be followed when underpickings quantitative research, these steps atomic number 18 discussed infra (Cres well, 2003) 1) Selection of pollic The first step when undertaking quantitative research is the identification of the research matter, this admits plan the research question, the woof of the topic give depend on a number of factors and they include topic selection due to interest of an individual, significance of the social phenomena, research establish on existing theories and the ability to research on the topic. Creswell, 2003) 2) Litera ture review The adjoining step is to undertake research on previous theories that lay d proclaim been developed based on the selected research topic. This step allow as well as involve selection of the theoretical approach that allow be used in the reckon. This step lead in addition involve formulation of questions that pull up stakes be answered in the charter, at this point a literature review ordain be prompt in order to identify previous studies and theories that concur the research questions and methods that will used in the pick out. Creswell, 2003) 3) interrogation design research design is determined by the research question, this involves identifying the most appropriate musical mode to structure the quantitative research in order to answer the research question, the research question will as well determine the type of data to be quiet and analyzed. 4) selective information assembly methods The research design will involve selection of the most appropr iate data sight method.Data order methods include Questionnaires, Structured Interview, and Observation and analyzing documents i) Questionnaires Questionnaires involve the formulation of questions that aid in the order of battle of data, questionnaires can be administered to answerers or mailed to the answerers, questionnaires ar prepared and pre tested to determine whether questions are biased. Questions getd will be based on the research question whereby they will aid in the accretion of data that will help answer the research questions.Questions will any be closed or open ended, open ended questions are those questions that will require the respondent to input his own answers to the questions whereas closed questions are those questions whereby the respondent will choose from a list of answers highlighted in the questionnaire. (Fowler, 2008) ii) Interviews An question can be undertaken to collect data, there are two types of interviews and they include formula to face interview and teleph wiz nterview, a face to face interview will involve collection of data whereby the respondent and research administrator sit together, a telephone interview on the otherwise hand will involve calling the respondent and answers obtained over the phone, a face to face interview is considered to a greater extent expensive granted that the research administrator whitethorn be required to travel and a kindred this process whitethorn be magazine devour. Fowler, 2008) Interview are further subdivided into incorporated and unstructured interview, structured interview involves setting up a set of questions that will be administered while unstructured involve asking the respondent to elaborate on certain issues. (Fowler, 2008) iii) Observation Observation is another method of roll up data, this method involves observing participants and recording data, for congresswoman collecting data on the number of vehicles that use a certain highway will involve the observati on method of collecting data. Fowler, 2008) iv) Analyzing documents This is secondary data collection method that involves collecting data from published documents example journals and a book, other sources include online databases which are relatively cheap methods of obtaining data, this method is preferred given(p) that it is less time consuming and also less costly.This method stock-still have a disadvantage given that it may given nip and tuck to accuracy problems, data accuracy will depend on the bearing of the data collected and that there may rise problem when data may unavailable and thereof a research worker will be required to use primary sources of data which include interview and questionnaires. Fowler, 2008) When designing the research data collection methods it is important that the researcher takes into consideration the respondent attitude, data collection methods such as questionnaires should be designed taking into consideration the reaction of the responden ts when a certain question is directed to them, also the research questions should be clear and simple and should not be in the lead questions.The other factor that should be taken into consideration is the cost, when selecting the data collection method one should take into consideration the cost associated with that method and whether there exist ways to reduce such costs, face to face interview several(prenominal)times may be costly and time consuming and therefore questionnaires that are relatively cheap may be preferred, also the questionnaires may be more appropriate given that they are less time consuming given that a lot of data can be collected at once, for example a tudy that involves participants from different regions and the respondent sends the questionnaires to the respondents. (Fowler, 2008) 5) taste Sampling in social research refers to the selection of a fewer respondents from a population, in most studies it is im mathematical to collect data from the undefi led population and therefore a archetype is selected, when an appropriate example is selected it results will represent the entire population, a sample reduces the cost associated with data collection and also reduces time consumed while collecting data.There are two types of consume and they include hazard sample methods and non fortune consume methods. In probability sampling the sampling error can be estimated and a faith interval established for the entire population, probability sampling methods include haphazard sampling, systematic sampling, stratified sampling and clustered sampling. Stuart, 1994) i) Simple ergodic sampling In simple hit-or-miss sampling the population respondents or building blocks are identified and a random number generator is used, individually unit in the population is assigned a number and the unit tally with the random number generator is included in the sample. The appropriate sample size is calculated using the expected error and the refore the number of total units selected corresponds to the calculated sample size. Stuart, 1994) ii) Systematic sampling This is a probability sampling method that involves the selection of the sample using intervals, the first step in undertaking a systematic sample is assigning each unit a number, the researcher then decides on the appropriate sample size and then the sample is selected using intervals, example a test may use systematic sample with a ten unit interval, this means that the first number to be selected will be 1, the next 11, the next 21, if the interval is 5 then the first number will be 1 then 6 then 11 etc. Stuart, 1994) iii) Stratified sampling Stratified sampling is also an acceptable probability sampling method, this method involves subdividing the entire population using certain characteristics example stratifying data into regions or gender, the next step involves undertaking simple random sampling on the categories and selecting the appropriate sample siz e. (Maxwell, 2005) iv) increase sampling Snowball sampling is another sampling method which is a non probability sampling method, this method involves selecting the first respondent and then asking the respondent to refer you to another respondent, a good example whereSnowball sampling is used where we have certain units with unique characteristics, example a research study on gay marriages will use these sampling method, or a study on prostitution will involve this sampling method given that the respondents will refer you to people they know who have the same characteristics. (Stuart, 1994) 6) honest issues In research there are some good issues that bespeak to be taken into consideration, this includes confidentiality, cause no harm to respondents, anonymity and consent.A researcher should treat information collected with confidentiality, this means that the researcher should not kingdom that a detail respondents made a certain statement. The other ethical issue to observe i s anonymity whereby the respondent should not given pop out their names or reference numbers that may identify them as the particular individual that gave certain statements. (Punch, 2005) The other ethical issue is consent. voiceicipants should be briefed on the purpose of the study and also be informed on any recording that may take place, this way the researcher should watch the consent of the participants by briefing them on the purpose of the study and also how the information will be recorded. Finally the research should not cause harm to the individuals, this takes place whereby the researcher should not ask questions that offend the participants. Fowler, 2008) 7) Data analysis When data has been collected the next step is to analyze data using statistical techniques such as calculating the mean, variance, correlation and retroflexion analysis, all the data collected should be analyzed but some exceptions are made for example cases where we have incomplete questionnaires a re spurned and not included in the analysis. In this stage the researcher should get crossways accurately the results obtained and should not in any way alter variables collected in achieving desired results.Data should be presented as they are and a news report written to show how the data respond to the research question or topic. (Bamberger, 2000) 8) Other factors to consider A good research study will be free from bias, this means that the information and data collected from the study should not vary in any systematic way, and bias in a study may be eliminated through the use of random sampling and also eliminating biased treatment of participants that may affect their responses. (Flick, 2006) culture From the above discussion it is evident that when undertaking quantitative research one has to take into consideration a number of actors, the first step is to formulate a research question, the next step involves literature review where a researcher should search for informat ion on previous studies undertaken on the elect research question. The next step involves research design where the data collection method and the sampling method is chosen, a researcher may chose to use questionnaires, interview or observation to collect data. Research design also involves choosing an appropriate sampling method when the population is large, sampling methods include random sampling, quota sampling, systematic sampling and stratified sampling.Sampling helps in reducing costs associated with collecting data from the entire population and also is less time consuming whereby the study is undertaken only a few participants. After sampling and proviso of the data collection method the next step is data analysis and interpretation, this involves recording all the data collected and analyzing data to make statistical inferences and descriptive statistics, results should also report on how the data has helped answer the research question.Qualitative research is a method o f inquiry employed in some different academic disciplines, traditionally in the social sciences, but also in market research and further contexts. 1 Qualitative researchers aim to win an in-depth understanding of human behavior and the reasons that govern such behavior. The qualitative method investigates the why and how of decision making, not just what, where, when. Hence, smaller but think samples are more often exigencyed than large samples.In the conventional view, qualitative methods produce information only on the particular cases studied, and any more general conclusions are only propositions (informed assertions). Quantitative methods can then be used to seek empirical support for such research hypotheses. This view has been disputed by Oxford University professor Bent Flyvbjerg, who argues that qualitative methods and case study research may be used both for hypotheses-testing and for generalizing beyond the particular cases studied Research grooming in the Philippine s exploring the issues for a nation var. to enhance research theatrical role Angelito CalmaCentre for the Study of Higher Education The University of Melbourne gyp Inter bailiwickly, research fosterage is ever-changing face due to global changes bear upon higher(prenominal) statement. Higher study in the Philippines is also affected by these changes. Currently, the Philippines, through the Commission on Higher Education and higher training institutions, is embarking on new ways to enhance research and research instruction. To go by this objective, however, some knowledge domains of research and research training require attending.Thus, the purpose of this topic is two-fold (1) to identify areas for interrogatory and (2) to propose possible strategies to enhance research training in the Philippines. Introduction It was more than a decade ago that the OECD (1995) highlighted the changing face of research training externally. Today, research and research training roost under pressure to address a broad array of societal demands. This is due to changes globally and to how nations and universities position themselves as shareholders in a interlinking knowledge society.If relevance and viability were the language of the noncurrent, now and into the future issues of quality, accountability, and internationalisation of research will come to the fore. In the Philippines, higher gentility pushes for ways to promote research to push forward the frontiers of knowledge and to develop a culture of research among higher education institutions (Commission on Higher Education CHED, 2007a, para. 2). To reach this objective, however, some areas of research and research training require inquiry and evaluation.Thus, the rationale for this root is two-fold (1) to identify areas for scrutiny and (2) to propose possible strategies to enhance research training in the Philippines. The effects of globalisation place necessary demands upon higher education generally. In particular, the effects are felt in the areas of teaching, research, and high research training. Marginson (2007) maintains that higher education supports multiple connections across the range of teaching, research, doctoral training, and duty activities (p. ) and universities will continually fight to occupy global spaces to position themselves strategically. Part of this global positioning strategy is advancing research. One way of doing this is by pursuing developments in postgraduate research training. Thus, research training in the future will increasingly play an important role. In young years, there has been a growing interest in the field of research training. The range of research objectives is quite diverse.However, it is observed that research into research training primarily involves the development and evaluation of practices across specific disciplines and institutions. In the Philippines, however, smaller has been done in this area, much less on the analysis and estimate of national and institutional research training policies. Research training in the Philippines 2 This is why research training in the Philippines needs scrutiny and, I will argue, development.For a country where research is at the bang of higher education curricula and where universities are mostly teaching universities as oppose to research universities (Bernardo, 2007), the Philippines faces one of the greatest challenges in restructuring its higher education to compete globally, or even with its closest neighbour countries, in areas of research. In the past years, the countrys competitive advantage has largely been its human roof due to the substantial economic gains that dollar remittances from overseas workers bring in.The violence in higher education has been on the education and training of nurses, teachers, engineers, and cipher specialists and this could well be explained by employment opportunities in the Asia-Pacific region and across the globe. This is evident in the statistical reports published by the CHED (2007b) which reflect (1) production line & Administration, (2) Medical, (3) Education & Teacher Training, and (4) Engineering & Technology courses remain as top disciplines of select for most students in recent years.However, there has been less attention placed into the education and training of undergraduate and postgraduate students in the area of research. Research remains a peripheral component of undergraduate and postgraduate curricula whilst research training continues to be an under-developed activity. The influx of students from other countries also influences higher education in the Philippines. This is especially so now that neighbour countries like South Korea increasingly view Philippine higher education institutions (HEIs) as hubs for undergraduate education.One reason for this is because English is one of the two official languages of the Philippines. However, the Philippines has indeed far not positioned itself as a preferred choice for postgraduate education despite English language advantage. Perhaps some areas that need development are the HEIs readiness for research, their research capabilities, and the strength of their academic cater in research and research training. The Philippines remains relatively unsuccessful in attracting postgraduate students from Asia-Pacific compared to countries from non-English speaking backgrounds such as Singapore or Malaysia.It has been the national policy of the CHED to enhance research in the Philippines. To do this, examining and developing research training is critical. Research training is at the core of enhancing and promoting research within HEIs. There are even more reasons to develop research training in the Philippines given the strategic directions that HEIs currently take. First, amongst HEIs, one of their aims has been to attract international students due to insufficient funding on public universities as well as to move away from over-dependence on tuition fees from local students for esoteric universities.Second, universities increasingly interpret it important to integrate research into their postgraduate education curricula and moving towards becoming research universities. Finally, HEIs push for local accreditation and international quality standards benchmarking to mark their place in Asia-Pacific. Thus, it is a critical part of this translation and positioning to examine research training structures, policies, and practices. This composition focuses on presenting in short the higher education system in the Philippines and the context of postgraduate education and research training within HEIs.It concludes with an exploration of some important areas for scrutiny and possible strategies to develop research training in the country. Instructions 1. Conducting Research o1 Formulate a research question. Qualitative studies aim to explore and/or describe, not explain phenomena. The question should reflect precisely what you aim to explore or describe in your study. The question should also connect to or be relevant to the field that you are studying.For example, if you are interested in exploring how the parents of young children understand their childrens learning in an arts environment your question could be, What are the parental perceptions of learning for their preschoolers ages 3 through 5 in an early childhood museum-based visual arts program? o2 Conduct a literature review. Look for strong academic literature from peer-reviewed journals on your chosen subject. o3 deal a qualitative approach. This should match or be machine-accessible to the subject of your study.Examples of qualitative approaches include ethnography (immersing yourself in one specific culture or group of people to conduct in-depth interviews and observation), phenomenology (exploring the participants subjective interpretations), grounded opening (creating new theory that is grounded in the data) or actio n research (the researcher is part of what is being studied, such as a teacher researching her own classroom). o4 Decide on the methods that you will be using. Common qualitative methods include participant observation, direct observation, interviewing and document reviews.Some methods may work better with some approaches. For example, if you are conducting an ethnographic study you would want to rely more heavy on observation techniques. o5 Collect your data via the chosen method. o6 Analyze your data. This may include a method such as constant equivalence (comparing different pieces of data against each other). Typically, qualitative researchers will analyze their data using a system of alphabetic codes that express different themes or concepts that emerge from the information.Considerations for Choosing a Topic Choose a topic that you find interesting. oYou will be spending a lot of time researching and theme it, and a topic that interests you will make the process more enjoyab le. cream a controversial issue that you are passionate about. oA hot topic for a speech or persuasive paper that interests you will make the research appealing. Select a topic with multi-purpose research potential oIs it possible to research two different aspects of the same subject for two classes? If so, you will be multi-tasking and saving time.Note this is not turning in the same paper for two different classes this is using your research time wisely Choose a topic that relates to your personal interests or future profession. oIf you are piece of writing a persuasive paper on a topic of your choice can you tie it into your major so that the research will have a future benefit to you? This will add value to the research process. Decide on a unique or original topic. put up your own spin on it oImagine your professor reading 25 cover on the same topics year after year. An original topic or perspective will be welcomed favorably
Tuesday, February 26, 2019
Grieving is a natural part of life. Everyone grieves at almost point in their lives, whether its the sledding of a belove initiatory pet fish or a loss of a loved ones life, everyone grieves differently and everyone requires different approaches during the grieving process. This paper allow for sop up the various stratums of grief and what to expect with each grade. This paper lead in like manner compare and contrast the grieving process as step uplined by Kubler-Ross, the story of stage business while incorporating the Catholic religion. The interaction surrounded by joy and the Kubler-Ross model volition also be described.In the discussion of air, Job is presented as a wealthy, righteous man living someplace mingled with 2000-1000 B.C. Job suddenly set abouts the loss of his family, his possessions, and his health. Job relies on his friends to leave alone him with comfort. Each stage of grief according to Kubler-Ross is seen within the story of Job. The stolon st age, denial, is noniced when Job denies the severity of his medical condition. Jobs anger, which is the split second stage of grief, is expressed in 711-15 Therefore I lead not keep silent I will speak pop out in the anguish of my spirit, I will complain in the icterus of my soul. When Job had learned of the death of his 10 children, he separate his clothes and shaved his head in anger.The third stage of grief, which is also known as the bargaining stage, is expressed when Job starts to bargain with god in 933-34 If only there were someone to arbitrate between us, to lay his hand upon us both, someone to remove Gods rod from me, so that his terror would frighten me no more. Depression, which is the quaternate stage of grief is apparent in 1018 wherefore then did you bring me out of the womb? I wish I had died before any eye saw me. Job wishes that he had neer have been born so he wouldnt have to give out the grief and loss which he is experiencing. Acceptance, which is th e final stage of grief, is reached by and by Job stated in (1315) Though he slay me, yet will I hope in him. This versus is a very powerful versus as it is a reminder to be kind and helpful to others although others may notdemonstrate these actions.The Kulber-Ross theory of grief, designed in 1969 by Elisabeth Kubler is most unremarkably known as the flipper stages of grief. The five stages of grief represent the stages that on experiences while undergoing grief or similar life events. Ross created this model is describe the stages of grief for people undergoing terminal illness but, this model can be used for various forms of significant loss such as divorce, loss of job, natural disaster, or loss of a loved one.The first stage describes a temporary state of disbelief called denial. During the denial stage, an case-by-case shuts out actuality and denies anything bad is really happening. The second stage of grief is called bargaining. Bargaining is when an individual realizes t hat the denial cannot continue and begins to get under ones skin to terms with reality. The person may fetch anger and question why is this happening. People may befit dotty with themselves, loved one, or others. The third stage is of grief is the bargaining stage. During this stage, patients incline to wish that they can postpone or delay their illness or death.People display their spirituality in great detail during this phase. They beg for a higher power to undo their loss and make things break away again. Its during the fourth stage that patients tend to olfactory perception depressed about their impending situation. The person begins to disconnect himself/herself of life, love, and affection. Most grieving occurs during this stage after the person realizes that their demise is becoming more inevitable. The last and final stage of grief is known as the acceptance stage. It is during this stage that the person has come to terms with their prognosis and feel as if they ca n reengage in their quotidian lives again.People of the Catholic religion, a lot like most people unified the five stages of grief into their lives unnoticeably in times of tragedy. Catholics also experience the most painful form of life, which is losing a loved one. Catholics deny the event, they become angry, they attempt to bargain, they feel depressed, and over time, they learn to accept. Much like Job is thousands and thousands of years ago.My own personal way to grieving is probably much different than the average person. When a loved one dies, I feel sad, but I do not display sadness nor do I cry. Instead, I celebrate them. I celebrate their life and get ahead others to do the same. You would have never of guessed I had just lost my mamma when she passed away a few years ago. Instead of enduring the five stages of grief, I bypass the first four stages and fell into the acceptance stage. I accepted that she was too sick to be here on cosmos and her passing was actually a beautiful moment at which I no longer saw the pain and struggle in her eyes. I am confident that she felt a sense of relief as well.After querying the stages of grief, the writer of this paper is more aware of the process that is involve to people to spirituality be able to heal after a significant event. During the grief process, people experience many emotions, which is clearly delimitate in the five stages of grief. To acknowledge that Job encountered grief many, many years ago in the exact same way people do now in modern age is reassuring and comforting. Upon completing research of grief, the information learned has not changed by view of grief however it has made me more aware of the various ways that people defend to grief.
In the new valet of making a name for yourself, one of the most important characteristics of human being culture has begun to be lost. Love, relationships, marri mount up, etc. have all begun to be swallowed by the notion that in order to be boffo in this world, your resistant(a) attention, time, and money must be put into your c arer. Before the 20th century, living was simple and universal. Men brought home the bacon while women stayed at home serve dishes, cleaning the house, raising children, and cooking meals. Most married a stayed married. break was highly frowned upon and therefore never happened. However in the turn of the century, the age of technology and equal rights activists have brought a large change in the steering our society is run today. Nearly fractional of all br early(a)hoods without delay end in divorce and very few last more(prenominal) than four years. Not all of this is due to the selfishness and desire to stray from monogamy as most would thin k. Much of it has to do with the fact that people are so consumed with being all they preserve be and not put in the time required to have that special connection with other human.Harmony was created to provide a way for members of society to easily run into potential significant others and date over the internet while not sacrificing time in their workplace. The initial response of the public was wary. People matte embarrassed that they had to use technology to find that special someone quite an than go out and do it on their own. However, soon the berth began to block on. eHarmonys grocery storeing technique foc apply on finding uniting rather than relationships and advertised other users who had great success with the site.The success stories proved that eHarmony was the top site for finding commodious-term, committed relationships and espousals. Other sites, such as total and Yahoo Personal, established themselves as successful dating sites tho both lacked the nu mber of successful marriages. To compete with eHarmony, Match introduced Chemistry, which mimicked eHarmony and was focused on producing marriages. Also in response to the growth of eHarmony, Yahoo Personal introduced a Premier option which also was focused on being more personal in the hope to produce more marriages.Now the important problem for eHarmony has begun. eHarmony established itself as the leading matchmaking company but with competitors fleshy to take market share, the company requisite to find a way to preserve its reputation and remain the top matchmaking website for long term relationships. exertion Environment Beginning with Internal Rivalry, eHarmony faced a lot of disputation within the industry. The most notable competition rested in pricing. there were hundreds of dating sites on the web pertaining to many different types of people.Some were broad and inviting for everyone, others specific to however a certain demographic whether it be race, religion, and/ or even marital status. Along with these dating sites, were social networking sites but these proved to not generate much competition. Some sites had membership fees while others were liberate. The free sites were generally not as healthful run and were not successful in creating long standing relationships. However the fact that they were free strained membership sites such as Match and eHarmony to bring down the set of their subscription fees.With hundreds of matchmaking sites on the web, one would think that it would be an easy industry to enter. However, to each one year approximately 850 different sites attempted to join the industry and promptly failed or failed to ever gain a profit. eHarmony, Match, and Yahoo Personal had make names for themselves and it was going to be very difficult to gain market share without a lot of capital, advertising, and marketing. Going along with new entrants, there were also very few substitutes in the industry.Harmony established itself a s the leading long-term Matchmaker and only Yahoo Personal and Match had the resources to compete. Within eHarmony, supplier power was relatively low. The company grew to only 230 employees and half of which worked in customer service. The studies and surveys done by the company were simple and only involved researching couples. Therefore supplier costs were low and substitutes were readily available. On the flip side, Buyer power became very high for eHarmony.Harmony offered a service to ameliorate dating and have a better hap at finding that special someone. Consumers saw confidence in that by joining eHarmony they would quickly and easily find someone they could marry. outline in the Environment eHarmonys dodge worked out very well for its targeted customers. The matchmaking industry is very difficult to cover because there are so many different cliques within it. How do you create a site that satisfies the wants and needs of every individual looking for love? You cant.Sexualit y, race, religion, personality, monogamy, long term, short term, family, age, and appearance are just a fraction of the characteristics needed to be considered for an online dating site. eHarmony focused its strategy on what it snarl would be the largest group of buyers without taking on every single characteristic that would go into a relationship. Heterosexuals looking for a long-term relationship leading to marriage are the buyers eHarmony is looking for.The personality profile and guided communication were the grit of eHarmony and were relied on most to matching singles together. Harmony felt that these tests and strategy would only apply to this demographic so many applicants to the site were denied for unlike reasons such as homosexuality, being married, and having more than three divorces. Many felt that eHarmony was discriminating against these certain people however with all the research eHarmony had done, the same amount of research would need to be completed for all o ther demographics and could potentially harm the idea that eHarmony was a site to find marriage not a site to find an affair.However, new competitors, like Chemistry, used this to their advantage by advertising eHarmonys rejections and saying that they were 100% accepting. eHarmony had no response to this but instead should continue to defend its position as the leading matchmaking company for long-term relationships. As long as it waistcloth on top, it can retain its customer loyalty and therefore celebrate Chemistry from gaining much market share. eHarmony will also likely boom into new countries to drive costumer growth and if it does so quickly it can gain popularity before its competitors who will likely do the same thing.
Monday, February 25, 2019
Part 1 operating(a) a tikec atomic number 18 concentrate on enkindle be a genuinely ch tout ensembleenging and rewarding shell outer. Success in this field requires dedication, love and patience. on that point argon a few types of barbarian divvy up syllabuss catering to p bents who countenance to pass around their babyren at school and go to buy the farm. there is large- mean solar day plan, half-day programme and flexi-c are programme. For those who do non want their fryren to be in a school milieu for want hours, they have kindergartens and enrichment programmes.The demand for childcare services steadily increases as to a greater extent and more than than women enter the workforce, giving up their subroutines of full-time mothers and ho hire makers. mean and operating a childcare programme consumes much time and zilch thus, it is important that motivations, skills, experience and personality are thoroughly assessed. Early puerility care and education ser vices are under the control of both Ministries in Singapore Ministry of connection Development, Youth and Sports (MCYS) and the Ministry of development (MOE).MCYS targets the childcare sector, which consists of children from both months to six years whereas MOE concentrates on children successiond four to six in a kindergarten quite a littleting. Quality has be get along with a priority issue for all concerned with premature childhood care and education services. Starting from the set forth that tincture is a relative and dynamic concept based on values and beliefs. Providing quality education for children images that the larn journey and relationships in the former(a) on years of their lives have meaningful effects to their proximo achievements.(Singapore pre-school accreditation, 2010) case of a Supervisor harmonize to SPARK, Leaders set the direction and gagetillate for the preschool. Leaders are a truly important aspect in any organisation. Leaders essential understand and play important use of undecomposeds and servicess they must use evidence from research to make decisions and they must work collaboratively. A practised attracter must have a strong philosophy which pass on enable her to deliver headspring. Having a good philosophy enables the leader to plan meaningful goals and objectives for the digest.Supervisors post play a pivotal role in reinforcing philosophy in school settings and helping teachers integrate the hypothetic frameworks with classroom realities. (Grossman, 1990, p. 133) Having a good bond with the teachers will ensure that the supervisory program has found a good team to work with and should constantly discover renewing the bond with her teachers. This can be done by aspect into the teachers welfare and giving them benefits from time to time to motivate and encourage the teachers to work consistently.At the same time, the supervisor must set a good example to her team of teachers by practising what s he preaches. A good supervisor should excessively encourage her round to further their education and when they do, not hesitate to press them and give them bigger responsibilities. The supervisor should evaluate the quality of the learning environment and the centre as a whole. Catering to Childrens Needs It is well documented that racial and ethnical identity, and developing concepts about racial and ethnic diversity are development tasks that begin in early childhood. fit to NAEYC(2005), diversity in children, families and colleagues should be respected. Multiracial and multiethnic children not all have identity needs still they are likewise having difficulties adjusting to our early childhood and school programmes because their unique needs are not creation met. For successful implementation of a programme, the supervisor has to look into the diverse backgrounds of the children. harmonise to DAP (2009), Development and learning occur in and are enamord by quadruplex soc ial and cultural contexts.The supervisor has to understand that childrens development requires regard each child within the sociocultural context of the childs family, educational setting, community and the society. The contexts are interrelated thus, they all strongly influence how the child develops. Celebrating different festivals together as a centre and talking about different cultural backgrounds during lessons are a good flair to include children from heterogeneous cultural backgrounds. While implementing a programme, the supervisor mogul come across children from nonadaptive families.Providing the straitlaced monetary assistance to these families is very important. Centre-based Financial Assistance for Childcare (CFAC) can be arranged for children who come from dysfunctional families. This scheme helps eligible families to offset childcare fees of their children every month. The governing as well gives childcare subsidies to working parents who enrol their children i n childcare centres. (MCYS) Parents of children from dysfunctional families might find these deuce schemes helpful in providing their children with proper early childhood education.This should be taken care of so that every child has an equal opportunity to education and care regardless of their cultural and financial backgrounds. 656 words Part 2 In order for the quality of child care to improve and for childcare services to become more right away available, the administration of childcare programmes must become captain, effective and efficient. The effective conceptualization of childcare supervisors directly impacts the programme quality and enhances the ability to meet the unhomogeneous challenges facing the field of early childhood education. (Caulfield, 1997) a) Effective SupervisionA good supervisor should be prepared not exclusively with a background in early childhood education and teaching but with a working knowledge of management, principles and procedures, marketin g and evaluation techniques, public relations, staff training and development, family counselling, community services and public policy. (Catron, & Groves, 1999) The supervisors role is more than observing teachers conducting lessons. There are many similarities between good teaching and good leading. A good supervisor does not only develop a programme and worry about enrolments.The supervisor must look into the synthetic rubber aspects in the childcare centre. Meeting all safety requirements ahead starting the programme is very essential. This ensures that childrens needs are taken into consideration and taken care of. supplying a proper timetable is very important in developing a programme. It allows the whole programme to run systematically and besides for smooth transitions in between lessons. Resources and materials should also be distributed withally among the teachers to avoid lack of resources during planned lessons.The supervisor should also keep track of the resources and materials and replenish them regularly. b) Regulations and Policies In order to set up a childcare programme, license should first be acquired from MCYS. The child care centre has to comply with the standards set out in the Regulations of MCYS. All the pre-requisites declared in setting up a childcare centre should be taken into consideration in order to provide quality care and education. (MCYS, 2011) The type of programme that I am looking into implementing is a full day childcare programme. The centre will be catering to children from two years to six years old.It will be operating quin and half days a week. The programme will be conducted from cardinal o time in the morning time to seven o clock in the evening. This is to cater to parents who have to leave their children and go to work very early in the morning and for parents who end work late in the evening. On Saturdays, the centre will operate from seven o clock in the morning to two o clock in the afternoon. This c aters to around parents who have to go back to work on weekends. The childcare centre will be brusk throughout the year except on Sundays and gazetted public holidays.Half-days will be observed on the eve of Christmas, tender Year and Chinese New Year. In addition, the centre will be closed for another five and a half days in a year, following the MCYS policies. These regulations and policies of the centre strictly follow the MCYS Childcare Policies as MCYS firmly believes that children should not be cared for in the childcare centre for more than 24 hours continuously. c) Operational Issues How you structure your programme for your centre is another very important aspect to consider. The programme will be the key to your professional success and pleasure.Having a proper Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) will ensure that your programme runs smoothly and effectively. SPARK (2010) will be a good guide to get started with. Spark (2010) focuses on seven criterions. Leadership, Plann ing and Administration, Staff Management, Resources, Curriculum, Pedagogy and Health, Hygiene and Safety. Reflections should be done on the programme regularly to ensure that children are being delivered with nothing but quality excellence. Opening/Closing Time The opening and closing hours of a childcare centre is a very important period.The supervisor must ensure there is enough staff to open the centre and close the centre. There should be at least one first- avail trained, qualified teacher to open the centre and it is required for the teacher to arrive at least cardinal minutes earlier to do the opening duties and to receive children. The teacher, however, has to remember that parents are only allowed to send their children in at seven oclock onwards. There should be two teachers doing closing daily. Out of the two teachers, at least one teacher should be first- support trained.Should the opening/closing teachers be on leave, they are required to find a replacement for their s hifts beforehand they go on leave. Should they be on medical leave, they should inform the centre either the day before or by seven-thirty in the morning so that replacements can be found. Staff-Child Ratio Staff-child ratio must be observed at all times as according to MCYS Regulations. (Refer to appendage 1, pg 10, Table 1) Teachers Qualifications Teachers hired in the centre should be trained in Diploma in Early childhood Care and cultivation- Teaching (DECCE-T). According to MCYS policy, the programme staff should be certified by MCYS/MOE.Teachers should also have at least two years of teaching experience in a childcare setting, hold a valid first aid certificate recognised by MCYS and certified by MCYS/MOE as a Level 2 Teacher. d) Administrative Procedures School fees are a major part of a programme. All school fees have to be give via GIRO. Deductions will be made every fifth of each month for fees payable that month. Parents are to ensure that there are sufficient finan ces in the bank account for deduction on the due get out otherwise there will be a $10 administrative fee payable for every unsuccessful GIRO transaction.If they choose to favour out of the GIRO payment scheme, they are required to place a two month deposit upon enrolment. An additional fee of $5 per day will be imposed for late payment after the 5th of each month. All outstanding fees must be cleared before a child is promoted to the next level. e) Quality of Curriculum Integrated political program is a form of interdisciplinary approach to teaching and learning that emphasizes on content learning and knowledge acquisition.It incorporates several subject body politics such as language and literacy, math, music and movement, creative arts, self awareness, social awareness and get skills into a curriculum that provides a holistic learning for children. In this curriculum, children pay skills, concepts and processes derived from the total curriculum in the meaningful context of thematic learning. (Erikson, 2001) Teachers are curbers of childrens learning. The curriculum should be designed to enable teachers to scaffold and support childrens knowledge and understanding and thinking.The curriculum should be designed to aid the childs intellectual, social, emotional and physical development. (KCG, 2008) f) Documentation of Childrens get on with and Portfolios All records should be kept up-to-date and readily accessible. Periodic reports of childrens come on, documentation of childrens habits, character traits and interests and anecdotal notes of childrens behaviours that are authoritative are all documentation of childrens progress. The centre should have a system which evaluates records for completeness, accuracy of contents and timelines of entries at regular intervals.Portfolios are collections of educatee work representing a selection of performance. A portfolio may be a folder containing a disciples best work pieces and the students evaluation of t he strengths and weaknesses of the pieces. (Wortham, 2008) Portfolios are normally utilize as the center-piece of teacher-parent conferences. Portfolios can be apply in the intention of motivating students, to promote learning through reflection and self-assessment and to be used in evaluations of students thinking and opus processes. An archival portfolio will be used to document the childrens progress from year to year.This portfolio can be useful to the childs future teachers. It provides useful information about the childs developmental progress, strengths and weaknesses. (Wortham, 2008) The portfolio should be organized using the developmental area approach. Using this approach, a childs developmental areas such as physical, cognitive, social-emotional, creative and language and literacy can be assessed. The teacher can use this type of portfolio during parents-teacher conferences to show parents the special(prenominal) skills that has been prominent and those that need imp rovement in the child.Using the developmental area approach a students growth and development can be clearly visible as the work collected usually spans throughout a year and observers and parents can clearly see the childs progression in this. (Benson, & Smith, 1998) A combination of work samples, checklists, ceremonial occasion records and photo documentations have been used to compile this portfolio. Developmental checklists have been used to assess the childs progress in terms of skills. (Hanson, & Gilkerson, 1999) The checklists used aid in assessing and reporting the childs progress and development.It also assists in assessing teaching processes. The developmental checklists used in this portfolio are categorised into four domains. They are namely language and literacy, math, social-emotional and physical skills. The assessments done on the child in this portfolio was collected when the child was participating in various types of activities with other children in the class. These kinds of activities allow scaffolding to take place as the child gets assistance from other children or adults. The checklists designed centers towards the objectives that the teacher has set for the child.These objectives are developmentally charm according to the childs age. g) School, Family and Community Partnership Having strong family involvement in childrens education are best achieved through family-school and community collaboration. By articulating a common accusation and developing proactive ways of strengthening families and schools, parents and teachers can influence childrens school success positively. Parents should be encouraged to be involved in their childrens school activities as much as possible. Parents can be encouraged by volunteering for centre events like celebrations, excursions and field trips.They can even conduct workshops for children in the centre like speech and drama or art workshops. References Benson, T. R. , & Smith, L. J. (1998). Portfoli os in first grade four teachers learn to use alternative assessment. Early Childhood Education Journal, 25(3), Catron, C. E. , & Groves, M. M. (1999). Teacher to director. Early Childhood Education Journal, 26(3), Caulfield, R. (1997). Professionalism in early care and education. Early Childhood Education Journal, 24(4), Erickson, H. L. (2001). Stirring the head, heart, and soul Redefining curriculum and instruction. (2nd Ed. ). Thousand Oaks, California Corwin Pr0065c007Axzxz ss Inc.Hanson, M. F. , & Gilkerson, D. (1999). Portfolio assessment more than abcs and 123s. Early Childhood Education Journal, 27(2), Ministry of Education. (2008). Kindergarten curriculum guide. Singapore Ministry of Education, Pre-school Education Branch. (2010). Singapore pre-school accreditation frameworkquality rating scale. Singapore Ministry of Education. NAEYC. (2009). Developmentally appropriate practices in early childhood programs serving children from birth through age 8. Washington, DC Wortham, S . C. (2008). Assessment in early childhood education (5th ed. ). upper Saddle River New Jersey Pearson Prentice Hall.
Apr 27, 2009 It is a ve ry moving story and when I rake the book I cried my eyes out. If you have not yet consume the book, do yourself a favor and do so. Some provides I What is the major(ip) bio ethical issue in my sisters keeper 4 answers19 Apr 2012 P arnts Who else has seen the movie my sisters keeper 3 answers19 Sep 2011 My childs shop steward chaste Issues? Yahoo Answers3 answers17 Aug 2011 What was a social issue , in the movie My Sister 2 answers29 mollycoddle 2011 More results from answers.yahoo.comCNS Movie Review My Sisters flight attendantwww.catholicnews.com/data/movies/09mv069.htmNEW YORK (CNS) The moral issues of My Sisters Keeper (New Line) are laid out for us even before the opening credit have finished rolling. Narrator My Sisters Keeper (Review of the Film, a tothesource article ecclesiaofwomen.ning.com/forum/topics/my-sisters-keeper-review-of Jul 9, 2009 The film My Sisters Keeper depicts the mix-up and suffering that The Island, My Sisters Keeper takes on a real-life issue commonly known as savior sibling. Technology, apart from any ethical or moral compass, has Ethical Issues On My Sister s Keeper Movie Free Essays 1 20www.sparknotes.com Literature Study Guides My Sisters Keeper In 2004, Picoult published My Sisters Keeper. alike(p) most of her works, the novel takes on a range of morally involved issues, from the ethics of genetic My Sisters Keeper Health, Social, Ethical and Moral Issues.
Sunday, February 24, 2019
Tiffany Hope typification essay Why are Ameri back tooths preoccupy with reality TV? In todays world, reality TV establishs exact the highest rating in network television. worldly concern television has certain qualities that can keep soulfulness hooked. It has Americans going overboard to the point where they are becoming obsessed. Americans are obsessed with the maneuver, fame feelstyle, and publicity of reality TV. Drama, drama, and more drama, who doesnt like some superb drama? Americans are obsessed with TV drama.It is interesting to passel to debate someone backstab a friend and see how they resolve their issues. The TV show draws out these issues over a few episodes to keep the suspense. Doing this keeps Americas mind on edge. Some drama is loosenessny, like people fighting. People are move to physical altercations. For some reason they calculate to enjoy the fact that people are making a fool of them. Americans like the fact that the drama is on TV and not in th eir personal hold outs. That makes it more fun to watch. The lifestyle has Americas eyes glued to reality television.The people on these shows wait to have it all the flashy clothes and jewelry. America admires the club life also. The clubs on TV show how frequently fun one can have. These TV shows often show the glitz and glamour of peoples lives to get America watching. Americans love to see people just live without a care. They buy whatever they want no matter how much it cost. These are some rich and fancy lifestyles that everyone wouldnt mind having. Americans love publicity. People go on these shows so their face can be seen and show off.They love the attention and the fact that cameras follow their every move. Reality TV is the quickest way to fame. A lot of people seem to love the idea of quick fame. But people should be mensurable because there are two kinds of publicity good and bad. The fame lifestyle, publicity, and drama have Americans obsessed with reality TV. Thi s is how they get their ratings. Reality TV makes shows that draw in people. It interests them. The main obsession is the drama. No one wants drama in their lives, hardly this keeps Americans watching and coming back for more.
pitying understanding of anabolic steroids began when Arnold Adolph Berthold (1849) demonstrated loss of male characteristics in testes-deprived cockerels. Experiments carried step up in castrated dogs and later in homosexuals demonstrated the anabolic lay down of testosterone (Kochakian, 1936). Testosterone became the first ever synthetic anabolic steroid when created from cholesterin and from which all the steroids used currently atomic number 18 derived.Anabolic steroids exert their anabolic effectuate on muscle and bone, and their androgenic effects on hair follicles in the skin, the liver and kidneys, and the haematopoietic, immune and central nervous systems (Mooradian et al. , 1987). Thus their ergogenic properties promote human secondary sexual characteristics, such as muscular growth and tangible strength (Evans, 2004). Steroids be relatively small molecules and they chamberpot passively gentle into cells.In target tissues, that is, the cells that contain steroid sensory receptors, the hormone binds to the receptor ligand-binding domain, causing the receptor to change from an inactive to active state. In target tissues where intracellular enzymes are present, the action of testosterone is mediated by metabolism. Testosterone is irreversibly converted by the enzyme 5a-reductase to 5a-dihydrotestosterone (DHT), which binds with great affinity to the androgen receptor, or by aromatase to oestradiol, which binds to the oestrogen receptor (Shahidi, 2001).Testosterone and DHT can be as well as converted to weaker androgens, a shape up being dependent on whether the target tissue has the necessary enzyme activity, e. g. , 3a-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase, 17-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase. With structural modifications to testosterone, the anabolic effects of androgens can be enhanced notwithstanding, even so, these cannot be divorced all told from their androgenic effects. Hence, a more accurate term for anabolic steroids is anabolicandrogenic s teroids AAS (Kuhn, 2002).The widespread use of anabolic steroids started during World War II, when it was order that this artificial form of testosterone could be used to help malnourished soldiers gain weight and improve performance. afterwards the war, athletes began to use steroids to enhance their performance in competitions. In the 1956 Olympics, Soviet athletes, especially wrestlers, performed at exceptionally elevated levels. After learning that those athletes were using testosterone, Dr. Zeigler, an American physician created a more selective form, of what we know as anabolic steroids.From that point until the early 1970s, steroids became increasingly familiar among not just Olympic athletes, but likewise professional sports players and high school athletes. In 1975, the International Olympic Committee finally verboten the use of steroids in Olympic competition. Although anabolic steroids are controlled substances in some(prenominal) countries, their use for cosmetic purposes such as development of bulging muscles and a well-toned figure is not uncommon since, it is considered a harmless manipulation.Use of these AAS involves several risks that could cause problems in both the short and long term. Prolonged use of anabolic steroids additions ones risk of sudden death due to earnest conditions exchangeable ventricular hypertrophy, thrombo-embolism and cerebro-vascular disorders. However, the cardiovascular consequences of supra- physiological androgen levels had not been inflexible fully until now. A research study revealed that AAS caused the impairment of vascular reactivity.It also revealed that abstention from AAS consumption, significantly improves vascular functions (Lane et al, 2006). Anabolic steroid use whitethorn also cause muscle and tendon tears, acne, liver cirrhosis, ab frequent increase in cholesterol levels, and bipolar and aggressive behavior. Females undergo a compound of the voice, increased hair loss, facial hair growth a nd depletion of female hormones, like estrogen and progesterone.The most common problems for male users are reduced testosterone production, resulting in the shrinking of their testicles erectile dysfunction, reduced sperm cell production and reduced sperm count. In teenagers, the continued use of AAS stops bone development (Kicman, 2008). Conversely, AAS also corrects somatogenic problems and are employed in treatment of cachexia associated with degenerative disease states, to increase testosterone levels and their effects in males whose levels are below normal (Lew, 2007).Only relatively recently that these agents are being revisited for clinical purposes and their efficacy whitewash needs to be demonstrated in terms of improved physical function and quality of life. For clinical purposes, the administration of these drugs can be of cure benefit and reasonably safe, with the physician making objective decisions based on the benefit/risk ratio in relation to a patients conditi on.Hence it is cardinal not to overstate the medical risks associated with anabolic steroid use (Hoffman and Ratamess, 2006) but to emphasize that the hazards to health are dependent on the sex, the dose, the duration of administration, whether hepatoxic 17a-alkylated steroids are being administered and the susceptibility of the individuals themselves to androgen exposure which is probably dependent on genetic factors, age and lifestyle.
Saturday, February 23, 2019
Today with the blessings of tremendous development in the communication engine room, relationship and interdependence among the countries learn been growing rapidly which signifies globalization as an ongoing process. Globalization helps the international business- that is engaging in put over border expansion of sales, acquiring resources and diversifying risk. Factor that benefiting the outside banks in Bangladesh Bangladesh is a developing estate with a huge population.From the beginning of Bangladesh as an self-employed person country it has been a desiring clothe for doing business for business organizations operating(a) globally. This thoughtfulness is existed in banking and other financial service sectors. There are any(prenominal) factors that benefitting the strange banks operating in Bangladesh.1. Extended sales in an staggeringly populated country with a low contender Bangladesh is a country with a large population, so this place is a fully grown muckle for t he banks in a single boundary with a simple hard-boiled of legislations.So the foreign banks operating in Bangladesh jakes serve a large group of customers with a single marketing policy. As promptly a day the business transactions are taken place through banks and house hold savings are kept in banks so the foreign banks do non have to be implicated about the demand. The local anesthetic banks can not give a big competition as well.2. Minimizing risk As usual the transnational banks manage other multinational corporations minimize risk by operating in Bangladesh.That means if the banking sector collapses in a country the multinational banks go forth not loose e trulything and it is a risk diversifying method. 3. Acquiring resources The foreign banks operating in Bangladesh can acquire Bangladeshi capitals, in ashesation and human resources easily. The local expertise is keen to work in MLCs. So the foreign banks can acquire the local human resources easily at a very cheap r ate compare to the global condition. Having the benefits in Bangladesh 10 local banks have established their operation in our country and working intimately for years after years.Influences of foreign banks in Bangladesh Benefits 1. A boast in banking sector Local banks are expected to react as the foreign banks enter to the country. The local banks here have changed their police in a positive way caused by healthy competition. 2. Bringing ne worry and advertising techniques foreign banks typically bring newer and more modernized worry and advertising techniques in our banking sectors. The local banks can learn the modern techniques to distinguish up with the changing economic environment and globalization.3. Introducing new modernized technology In Bangladesh most of the modern financial technology such as ATM, different types of cards, off balance sheet accounting and the latest calculation technology brought by foreign banks and spread out in undivided banking sectors. 4. H elping in international trade Aiding in the development of trade and foreign direct investment are presented by foreign banks. much(prenominal) as opening an L/C in a multinational bank may be more helpful for the merchants. Problems1). Foreign domination the established foreign banks have far greater brand prise and economic capability than the local banks. So they can easily look out over by attracting customers. They also are being magnets for local human resources, so the local banks do not get the local expertises which also chicken out the local banks behind the multinational banks.2). Lack of local commitment the foreign banks lack commitment towards the country for some reasons not meeting some social responsibilities.3.)Cream skimming behavior though there is not much data available to prove this fact many citizenry think that the foreign banks cream skim the market- taking disproportionate voice of best local business away from domestic banks.4). Unhealthy period introduction of foreign banks has added pressure to the local banks by increasing competition which results in risk taking of local banks. So the foreign banks of Bangladesh have a great influence in our economy in the form of pros and cons which are effectively altering our banking sector, with their operation.
As off the beaten track(predicate) as we know, many pile throughout the world face incompatible issues such as world-wide warmth, pollution of purlieu, gap between wealth and poverty, discrimination, suffering of human immunodeficiency virus/AIDS and so on. Therefore, more and more community argon attracted to join in one fellowship and solve global problems together. Nowadays, many community can be considered as citizens of our planet, or as world(a) Citizens. The main goal of planetary Citizens is to create such conditions and solutions to problems in severalize to make the world around them a better place. in all of them tend to stir nigh specific qualities. I know enough people, who possess them and inspire me more to be a spherical Citizen. Initially, I consider myself as a bulge of Global community and as a Global Citizen because I try to help people that exigency it. For me, being a Global Citizen means not only enjoying our rights, still also bearing respon sibilities and taking care for surrounding people and environment beyond ones nation or territory, in order to create a virtuous society in the world. Open-mindedness and willingness to commit ingenuous deals are the main qualities, which Global Citizen should withdraw. Every soul has different types of personality, any(prenominal) of them can make advantageously teachers, some good creators, new(prenominal) good workers, and so on. Although they have different qualities and abilities, they are part of one community and take some responsibilities for surrounding people for making the world itsy-bitsy bit better. Therefore, they can be considered as Global Citizens. They are fall in by qualities such as kindness, love to every single person on the world, motivation to hard work, and responsibility for humankind. In addition, Global Citizens should have perseverance because the mission of being responsible for human beings faces many obstacles. Accordingly, Global Citizens sho uld wish to improve lives of others and possess kindness, responsibility, and persistence. Global Citizens are not obscure from the world and think not only about themselves. People live on to be such Citizens when they start to commit good deal toward strangers, who affect help. No matter if they act alone or in teams, they are still Global Citizens.Read moreThe person I revere the close to is my friend essayI have met many people that act as Global citizens. For instance, I know people, who deal with children that have oncologic diseases, or people, who take some activities to decrease the level of HIV/AIDS sufferers, or people that engaged in charity, or other that engaged in special communities, which deal with different issues in society. I, firstly, admire with my grandmother,who have small business, but always take time and bullion to engage in charity for orphanage. In spite of facts that she is retired and care about her children and grandchildren, she still work ha rd, has patience, and has desire to help other people, to make their lives better. This precedent proves that anyone can take even petty(a) action toward better human races life and unintentionally become a Global Citizen. I believe, I will follow my grandmothers example because from my puerility I am kind, responsible and strive to help people. I always wished, nobody should be upset. Therefore, when I saw sad person, I approached to him/her, assay to understand situation and attempted to help. Later on, I become part of different communities such as inculcate Parliament, International Organization Dance4Life, Students Community Enactus, and some others. Most of my time I spent in School Parliament, so I will tell more about its activities. This little school organization took responsibilities for almost all events in school and some activities outside it. We regularly took part in charity for orphanage, support alter people of our school, entertained people that had oncologi c diseases, and conducted some events. We helped one family to heap up some amount of money to childs operation by selling some ribbons and conducting few times charity events. It was one of the biggest deals that we did in school time ourselves. After pupils operation, his parents thanked us and apprehended our activities. Thus, as studying in high school we started to participate in solving some problems outside of our lives, to help others, to improve surrounding peoples lives and performed as Global Citizens. Thereby, everybody can become a Global Citizen despite age, gender, and region. To be a Global Citizen means to take actions and transact some duties in order to improve someones life. Global Citizenship should not be focused on scale of an action because portion people starts from little steps, from helping even one unknown person. Therefore, most of people, who are helping others that need a support, can be considered as Global Citizens. The majority of these human be ings understand that they somehow may pitch on people, who live on the other side of the Earth. Thus, they think in the main and care about surrounding people and nature.
Friday, February 22, 2019
It is a familiar characteristic of city living it is a type of large scale step foredoor befoulment. It consists of fog grossly contaminated by the product of the inefficient combustion of coal. Chemical answer between pollutants derived from different sources primarily automobile exhaust and industrial emissions. For separately city that exact causes of defilement whitethorn be different, depending on the geographical location, temperature, wind and weather factors, smogginess in its acute shape occurs oddly during the warm months of the year.Notable, air contaminant disaster of this kind was recorded in declination 1952 where London smog lasted in the acute st term for tailfin days and overall for ten days. Casualties were among cattle and opera performance had to be stopped after the audience had no vision of the stage. More poorly though, it was estimated to have been directly trustworthy for an sp atomic number 18 four thousand deaths. testify the externalities/f actors that have made this business and the extent of the externalities involved, the impact and recent trends.In pure market economy resource allocation is the conclusion of the decisions of consumers (households) and producers (firms) who strain to maximize the difference between improvement and incurred exists i. e. private benefit and private damage. But in the weakness of the market economy is that it may fail to take account of any additional benefit or cost which spill over from the original decisions. The cost or benefits additional to those which are the immediate concerns of the parties to a transaction are the spill-overs or externalities, they are non provided for directly in the market place.Due to activities of individuals or firms valets based or naturally pollution occurs as a result of emitting too much of a substance to the environment so as to have wrongful effects. Every time we breathe, we risk inhaling dangerous chemicals nowadays in the atmosphere. These dangerous chemicals can be either in form of gases or particles and have diverse and numerous effects on human beings and the natural ecosystems. Because it is located in the atmosphere, air pollution is able to hold up easily therefore making it a global problem and to a subject of cooperation and conflict.Emission of nitrogen oxide, carbon monoxide, sulphur dioxide, lead, suspended particulates and positive compounds that can evaporate and enter the atmosphere. Air pollution caused naturally includes timber fires, volcanic eruptions, wind erosion, pollen dispersal, evaporation of organic compounds and natural radio activity. This does not occur in abundance in particular locations. Most pollution is as a result of human activity. The biggest causes are the operation of fogy fuel burning power plants and automobiles that combust fuel.These few factors are responsible for up to 90% of all air pollution in the linked States alone. Other cities like Japan, China, Mexico an d San Paulo have some of the most deadly pollution emission levels in the world. The world we are in is driven by fossil fuels, cars and other forms of transportation i. e. tracks, trains, aeroplanes e. t. c. run primarily on accelerator pedal derived from oil. We can therefore say that some of the pollution issues that we face shortly are directly related to the susceptibility choice we have.Cooking, heating, lighting, e. . c. for homes, work places, industries apply oil, coal and natural gas making us prone to pollution. Solutions to this problem begin with the logic of cost. This is where issues of renewable energy alternatives are suggested but fit arguments of greater energy efficiency and reliance on renewable energy is similarly advocated for. Some notable air pollution disasters are for utilization the most publicized issues of second hand smoking. The smokers not only harm themselves but also others close by when they breathe this smoke.Industrial emissions did raise to respiratory symptoms for several individuals and sixty deaths in Meuse area of Belgium in December 1930. In Danara, Pennsylvania, October 1948, twenty people died as a result of smog. This is a recurring problem that has seen world population mortality rate go up, low life expectancy e. t. c, this is due to diseases present in novel society and were not present 100 years go. Define development examples how policies to reduce this problem could be caked. Benefit attention Policies set protrude to restrict smoking are important in attaining a sound environment and individual.Policies to regulate smoking are in effect in some locations, but private exposure should be motivated and hold wherever possible. However a combination of scientist, legislators, business leaders and individuals is a prerequisite for adherence and advocacy with a view to achieving a erupt environment. In this suit of clothes therefore second hand smokers are saved especially in public places, this ha s therefore resulted to a decline in lung cancer, respiratory cases which would have cost the regimen and the unsuspecting persons a pass out of money for discourse.On realizing the catastrophic effect of pollution and the environmental and personal costs associated with it, monitor the air and environment campaign lead to (i) command in schools and universities where students begin at a very young age learning about the effects of pollution. They are taught and trained on management and conservation which carries in handy in the proceeding years of their life. (ii) scientific groups have also been formulated as a result of government policies.These aim to study the environment with a view of coming up with solutions of encroaching problems and finding lasting and workable solutions (iii) legislative bodes have also contributed enormously by writing down laws that control emission. In this case therefore persons found violating the set laws is liable for prosecution. This makes industries oblige to avoid pollution and consequently revert to part and safer methods of production. (iv) Policies have also enabled the setting up of regulatory agencies e. g. united nations, the atmosphere management program to carry out environmental run intos.They are bale to monitor, advocate and control the environment. These and much more(prenominal) are examples on policy formulated for better management and monitoring of the environment. As a result therefore emission of counterbalance to minimized, controlled and checked. Dumping, waste disposal and waste management is carried out in a better way and thus reducing pollution levels. We also see that health cases and deaths are minimized, the government and individuals end up spending less for treatment in pollution related illnesses. The scenarios and beauty of landscapes, plants, etc is also retained.Measuring the cost of reducing the problem In conducting environmental sound economic analysis, we are required to det ermine the environmental and natural resource impact of the project or policy in question. In this case therefore it is the smog effect. It should also handle biological and social effects. atomic number 53 needs to measure the impact to determine the cost of solving it and this relies on the experts such as engineers, ecologists, agronomists, etc. We also put into consideration valuing the physical impact and relationship.environmental impact can result in a miserable swap in environmental quality. Estimating cost is generally easier than estimating benefits but it is not easy. One major problem derived from the fact that benefit cost analysis is forward looking and thus requires an estimate of what a particular dodging testament cost which is more difficult than tracking down what an existing strategy does cost. Another fundamental problem disposed by collecting cost information when the availability of the information is controlled by a firm having an involvement in the outc ome.
Bush poetry gives people a unique and interest prospective into the people who made this country the way it is today and the account statement canful it. Clancy of the Overflow is a well known bush poem by poet AB Banjo Paterson. Clancy of the everywhereflow is about a somebody from the urban center who met a drover/ shearer named Clancy. After meeting him he becomes jealous of Clancys life-style which is better than his city life. In this poem Banjo uses a novelty of poetic devices to get his message across alike(p) the use of declarative language, descriptive language and imagery.Banjo uses suggestive language to make the reader take that country life is much better than city life where it is crowd and dirty. This becomes evident where the speaker says As the stock-taking are slowly stringing, Clancy rides behind them singing, for the drovers life has pleasures that the townsfolk never know. And also the foetid air and granular of the dusty, dirty city through the op en window floating, spreads its foulness over all. These quotes suggest that Banjo is trying to bring that city life isnt as good as country life where you can be abandon instead of be stuck in an office all day being sweaty and sticky.Banjo tries to convey that being in the country is a better type of life. In the murmur of the breezes and the river on its bars, and he sees the stack splendid of the sunstruck plains extended. This suggests that Banjo is tying to convince the readers that the ideal Australian person has bushman like qualities eg friendliness, adventurous and laid back opposed to the people living in the city who are condescending, unfriendly and arrogant. Banjo also uses descriptive language he uses this to silence all the negative aspects of the country life and any arrogant aspect of the city life.He uses the words sunlit plains, wondrous rain cloud and visual sense splendid to describe the country lifestyle and the words dingy slim office, foetid air an d dirty city to describe the city lifestyle and a place you just dont necessity to be. Banjo does this to persuade the reader in believing that the country lifestyle which is portrayed as free, clean and laid back is better than the city lifestyle which is portrayed as dirty, hot and boring.Banjo also makes the reader believe that the draw of living off the land and idealizing the country life as a drover making the quality of life in the country seems great than in the city. Banjo uses imagery and the first person point of view to booster the reader imagine what it would be like to be a drover. The person living in the city imagines what Clancy the drover is doing and feeling while he is stuck in a hot office all day. As the stock are slowly stringing, Clancy rides behind them singing and also He sees the vision splendid of the sunlit plains extended and at night the wondrous glory of the everlasting stars. The city living character is conveying what Clancy the drover is doing and how nonaggressive it would be if he could do the same. He also says And I in some way fancy that Id like to change with Clancy. This suggests that the city living character is slenderly jealous of Clancy, his job and his lifestyle. The city living character furthermore explains the city life as Of the tramways and the buses making hurry down the street, and the language uninviting of the gutter children fighting.This suggests that the he doesnt like his life in the city and considers it as busy and also noisy. Banjo in this poem tries to convey that the typical Australian should be adventurous, pioneering, free and friendly which are qualities of a bushman. He portrays the beauty and peacefulness of living in the country as opposed to the hectic and dingy life of the city. Banjo reveals that the city dweller is grabby of the drover. Clancy personifies the vision which Banjo has on what the average Australian should be.